title
Protection Of Information Assets | CISA Training Videos

description
🔥Post Graduate Program In Cyber Security: https://www.simplilearn.com/pgp-cyber-security-certification-training-courseutm_campaign=ProtectionofInformation&utm_medium=Description&utm_source=youtube 🔥IIIT Bangalore Advanced Executive Program In Cybersecurity (India Only): https://www.simplilearn.com/pgp-advanced-executive-program-in-cyber-security?utm_campaign=SCE-IIITBangaloreCS&utm_medium=DescriptionFF&utm_source=youtube 🔥Cyber Security Masters Program (Discount Code - YTBE15): https://www.simplilearn.com/cyber-security-expert-master-program-training-course?utm_campaign=SCE-MasterCS&utm_medium=DescriptionFF&utm_source=youtube Certified Information System Auditor (CISA) Protection of Information Assets Objectives: • Understand and provide assurance that the enterprise’s security policies, standards, procedures and controls ensure the confidentiality, integrity and availability of information assets • Detail the design, implementation and monitoring of security controls • Discuss the risks associated with use of mobile and wireless devices • Understand encryption techniques such as public key infrastructure and risks related to data leakage • Detail network detection tools and techniques • Discuss how confidential information can be stored, retrieved, transported and disposed 🔥Free CISA Course: https://www.simplilearn.com/learn-information-systems-fundamentals-skillup?utm_campaign=ProtectionofInformation&utm_medium=Description&utm_source=youtube 🔥IIIT Bangalore Advanced Executive Program In Cybersecurity (India Only): https://www.simplilearn.com/pgp-advanced-executive-program-in-cyber-security?utm_campaign=SCE-IIITBangaloreCS&utm_medium=DescriptionFF&utm_source=youtube 🔥Cyber Security Masters Program (Discount Code - YTBE15): https://www.simplilearn.com/cyber-security-expert-master-program-training-course?utm_campaign=SCE-MasterCS&utm_medium=DescriptionFF&utm_source=youtube CISA Certification Training: https://www.simplilearn.com/it-security-management/cisa-certification-training #cisa #cisacertification #cisatrainingvideos #cisatrainingvideos2017 #cisa2017 ➡️ About Post Graduate Program In Cyber Security This Post Graduate Program in Cyber Security will help you learn comprehensive approaches to protecting your infrastructure and securing data, including risk analysis, mitigation, and compliance. You will get foundational to advanced skills through industry-leading cyber security certification courses that are part of the program. ✅ Key Features - Simplilearn Post Graduate Certificate - Masterclasses from MIT Faculty - Featuring Modules from MIT SCC and EC-Council - 8X higher interaction in live online classes conducted by industry experts - Simplilearn's JobAssist helps you get noticed by top hiring companies - Industry case studies in cyber security - Access to CEH Pro Version - 25+ hands-on projects - Capstone project in 3 domains - MIT CSAIL Professional Programs Community ✅ Skills Covered - Advanced Hacking Concepts - Network Packet Analysis - Ethical Hacking - IDS Firewalls and Honeypots - Security and Risk Management - Network Security - Software Development Security - Cryptography OSI and TCPIP Models - Identity and Access Management - Security Assessment and Testing - Trojans Backdoors and Countermeasures - Mobile and Web Technologies For more updates on courses and tips follow us on: - Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/Simplilearn - Twitter: https://twitter.com/simplilearn Get the android app: http://bit.ly/1WlVo4u Get the iOS app: http://apple.co/1HIO5J0 🔥🔥 Interested in Attending Live Classes? Call Us: IN - 18002127688 / US - +18445327688

detail
{'title': 'Protection Of Information Assets | CISA Training Videos', 'heatmap': [{'end': 593.22, 'start': 508.59, 'weight': 0.715}, {'end': 2790.966, 'start': 2638.327, 'weight': 0.759}, {'end': 3166.005, 'start': 3011.517, 'weight': 0.727}, {'end': 6611.624, 'start': 6534.28, 'weight': 1}], 'summary': 'The cisa training videos cover key topics such as security policies, encryption techniques, and network security controls, emphasizing risks associated with mobile and wireless devices and the importance of access controls and authentication methods in protecting information assets.', 'chapters': [{'end': 125.918, 'segs': [{'end': 76.131, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 26.155, 'weight': 0, 'content': [{'end': 33.658, 'text': 'procedures and controls ensure the confidentiality, integrity and availability of information assets.', 'start': 26.155, 'duration': 7.503}, {'end': 39.18, 'text': 'Detail the design, implementation and monitoring of security controls.', 'start': 34.538, 'duration': 4.642}, {'end': 44.363, 'text': 'Discuss the risks associated with use of mobile and wireless devices.', 'start': 40.081, 'duration': 4.282}, {'end': 52.306, 'text': 'Understand encryption techniques such as public key infrastructure and risks related to data leakage.', 'start': 45.279, 'duration': 7.027}, {'end': 55.729, 'text': 'Detail network detection tools and techniques.', 'start': 53.166, 'duration': 2.563}, {'end': 61.754, 'text': 'Discuss how confidential information can be stored, retrieved, transported, and disposed.', 'start': 56.389, 'duration': 5.365}, {'end': 65.898, 'text': 'The following screen gives an overview of this domain.', 'start': 62.515, 'duration': 3.383}, {'end': 76.131, 'text': 'An information asset is a component related to provision of accurate data or information for decision-making purposes by an entity.', 'start': 66.969, 'duration': 9.162}], 'summary': 'Detailed procedures and controls ensure confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information assets, including risks related to mobile and wireless devices, encryption techniques, network detection, and confidential information management.', 'duration': 49.976, 'max_score': 26.155, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg26155.jpg'}, {'end': 125.918, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 102.754, 'weight': 3, 'content': [{'end': 115.296, 'text': 'networks, local area network, LAN, wide area network, WAN, wireless networks, human resources facilities, main distribution facilities, MDFs,', 'start': 102.754, 'duration': 12.542}, {'end': 121.737, 'text': 'data centers, server room and other technologies such as database technologies, among others.', 'start': 115.296, 'duration': 6.441}, {'end': 125.918, 'text': 'Let us continue with the overview in the following screen.', 'start': 122.597, 'duration': 3.321}], 'summary': 'Overview of various network technologies including lan, wan, and wireless networks, as well as other technologies such as database technologies.', 'duration': 23.164, 'max_score': 102.754, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg102754.jpg'}], 'start': 0.66, 'title': 'Information asset protection', 'summary': 'Covers the protection of information assets in the certified information systems auditor course, including key topics such as security policies, standards, procedures, and controls, encryption techniques, risks associated with mobile and wireless devices, and network detection tools.', 'chapters': [{'end': 125.918, 'start': 0.66, 'title': 'Information asset protection', 'summary': 'Covers the protection of information assets in the certified information systems auditor course, including key topics such as security policies, standards, procedures, and controls, encryption techniques, risks associated with mobile and wireless devices, and network detection tools, among others.', 'duration': 125.258, 'highlights': ["The chapter covers assurance of enterprise's security policies, standards, procedures, and controls to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information assets.", 'Discussion of risks associated with the use of mobile and wireless devices is included in the domain objectives.', "Detailing of encryption techniques such as public key infrastructure and risks related to data leakage is part of the domain's scope.", 'Network detection tools and techniques are detailed in the domain objectives.', 'An information asset is defined as a component related to the provision of accurate data for decision-making purposes, including examples such as computer application systems, networks, and database technologies.']}], 'duration': 125.258, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg660.jpg', 'highlights': ["The chapter covers assurance of enterprise's security policies, standards, procedures, and controls to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information assets.", 'Discussion of risks associated with the use of mobile and wireless devices is included in the domain objectives.', "Detailing of encryption techniques such as public key infrastructure and risks related to data leakage is part of the domain's scope.", 'Network detection tools and techniques are detailed in the domain objectives.', 'An information asset is defined as a component related to the provision of accurate data for decision-making purposes, including examples such as computer application systems, networks, and database technologies.']}, {'end': 819.107, 'segs': [{'end': 174.678, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 127.028, 'weight': 0, 'content': [{'end': 138.013, 'text': 'The risks to business include financial loss, electronic fraud, legal repercussions, loss of credibility or competitive edge, blackmail,', 'start': 127.028, 'duration': 10.985}, {'end': 142.536, 'text': 'industrial espionage, sabotage and breach of confidentiality.', 'start': 138.013, 'duration': 4.523}, {'end': 151.1, 'text': 'Security failures can be costly to business as more costs are incurred to secure systems and prevent further failure.', 'start': 143.416, 'duration': 7.684}, {'end': 158.613, 'text': 'Furthermore, costs are incurred from losses from the failure itself and when recovering from such losses.', 'start': 151.991, 'duration': 6.622}, {'end': 163.235, 'text': 'Let us now look at threats to information assets in the next slide.', 'start': 159.553, 'duration': 3.682}, {'end': 174.678, 'text': 'The threats to information assets include hackers, crackers, freakers, authorized or unauthorized employees, IS personnel, end users,', 'start': 164.095, 'duration': 10.583}], 'summary': 'Security risks to business include financial loss, fraud, and legal repercussions. costs are incurred from securing systems and recovering from losses.', 'duration': 47.65, 'max_score': 127.028, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg127028.jpg'}, {'end': 256.005, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 223.883, 'weight': 2, 'content': [{'end': 226.384, 'text': 'Security objectives may include the following.', 'start': 223.883, 'duration': 2.501}, {'end': 230.627, 'text': 'Ensure the continued availability of information systems.', 'start': 227.225, 'duration': 3.402}, {'end': 238.353, 'text': 'Ensure the integrity of information stored on its computer systems and security while the information is in transit.', 'start': 231.388, 'duration': 6.965}, {'end': 243.897, 'text': 'Preserve the confidentiality of sensitive data while stored and in transit.', 'start': 239.174, 'duration': 4.723}, {'end': 248.52, 'text': 'Ensure compliance with applicable laws, regulations, and standards.', 'start': 244.698, 'duration': 3.822}, {'end': 256.005, 'text': 'Let us continue discussing design, implementation, and monitoring of security controls in the next screen.', 'start': 249.401, 'duration': 6.604}], 'summary': 'Security objectives: availability, integrity, confidentiality, compliance. discussing security controls next.', 'duration': 32.122, 'max_score': 223.883, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg223883.jpg'}, {'end': 350.962, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 293.155, 'weight': 3, 'content': [{'end': 299.18, 'text': 'The main areas to cover here are Key Elements of Information Security Management.', 'start': 293.155, 'duration': 6.025}, {'end': 303.224, 'text': 'Critical Success Factors to Information Security.', 'start': 299.18, 'duration': 4.044}, {'end': 307.408, 'text': 'Inventory and Classifications of Information Assets.', 'start': 303.224, 'duration': 4.184}, {'end': 310.39, 'text': 'Network Infrastructure Security.', 'start': 307.408, 'duration': 2.982}, {'end': 314.414, 'text': 'In the next screen we will learn about Information Security Management.', 'start': 310.39, 'duration': 4.024}, {'end': 322.236, 'text': 'Effective ISM is the most critical factor in protecting information assets and privacy.', 'start': 315.655, 'duration': 6.581}, {'end': 332.578, 'text': 'The factors that raise the profile of information and privacy risk include electronic trading through service providers and directly with customers,', 'start': 322.956, 'duration': 9.622}, {'end': 343.54, 'text': 'loss of organizational barriers through use of remote access facilities and high profile security exposures, viruses, denial of service, DOS attacks,', 'start': 332.578, 'duration': 10.962}, {'end': 350.962, 'text': 'intrusions, unauthorized access disclosures and identity theft over the Internet, etc.', 'start': 343.54, 'duration': 7.422}], 'summary': 'Key elements of information security management, critical success factors, and network infrastructure security are critical to protecting information assets and privacy.', 'duration': 57.807, 'max_score': 293.155, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg293155.jpg'}, {'end': 507.849, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 454.148, 'weight': 5, 'content': [{'end': 459.449, 'text': 'Let us continue discussing Information Security Management in the next screen.', 'start': 454.148, 'duration': 5.301}, {'end': 466.039, 'text': 'The Key Elements of ISM Senior management, commitment and support.', 'start': 460.689, 'duration': 5.35}, {'end': 468.939, 'text': 'The risk management begins at the top.', 'start': 466.759, 'duration': 2.18}, {'end': 471.04, 'text': 'Policies and procedures.', 'start': 469.699, 'duration': 1.341}, {'end': 475.521, 'text': 'The framework that captures top management declaration of direction.', 'start': 471.66, 'duration': 3.861}, {'end': 482.863, 'text': 'Organization Clearly defined and allocated roles and responsibilities supplemented with guidance.', 'start': 476.361, 'duration': 6.502}, {'end': 486.843, 'text': 'Usually relates to regulatory legal compliance.', 'start': 483.583, 'duration': 3.26}, {'end': 492.865, 'text': 'Let us continue discussing information security management, ISM, in the next screen.', 'start': 487.484, 'duration': 5.381}, {'end': 500.427, 'text': 'Roles and responsibilities must be defined, documented, and communicated to personnel and management.', 'start': 493.885, 'duration': 6.542}, {'end': 507.849, 'text': 'IS Security Steering Committee is represented by individuals from various management levels.', 'start': 501.487, 'duration': 6.362}], 'summary': 'Information security management involves senior management commitment, risk management, policies, procedures, and clearly defined roles and responsibilities, supported by is security steering committee.', 'duration': 53.701, 'max_score': 454.148, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg454148.jpg'}, {'end': 606.545, 'src': 'heatmap', 'start': 508.59, 'weight': 7, 'content': [{'end': 518.673, 'text': 'It also discusses and approves security policies, guidelines and procedures with input from end users, executive management, auditors,', 'start': 508.59, 'duration': 10.083}, {'end': 522.933, 'text': 'security administration, IS personnel and legal counsel.', 'start': 518.673, 'duration': 4.26}, {'end': 527.628, 'text': 'The committee is formally established with appropriate terms of reference.', 'start': 523.785, 'duration': 3.843}, {'end': 537.213, 'text': 'Executive management responsible for the overall protection of information assets and issuing and maintaining the policy framework.', 'start': 528.368, 'duration': 8.845}, {'end': 548.279, 'text': 'Security advisory group is responsible for defining information risk management process and acceptable level of risk and reviewing security plans.', 'start': 538.274, 'duration': 10.005}, {'end': 557.352, 'text': 'It is comprised of people involved in the business and provides comments on security issues to Chief Security Officer.', 'start': 549.065, 'duration': 8.287}, {'end': 562.356, 'text': 'It also advises the business whether the security programs meet business objectives.', 'start': 557.352, 'duration': 5.004}, {'end': 575.368, 'text': 'Chief Information Security Officer is a senior-level corporate official responsible for articulating and enforcing policies used to protect information assets.', 'start': 563.878, 'duration': 11.49}, {'end': 583.591, 'text': 'He has a much broader role than CSO, who is normally only responsible for physical security within the organization.', 'start': 576.124, 'duration': 7.467}, {'end': 593.22, 'text': 'Information, asset owners and data owners are entrusted with the responsibility for the owned asset, including performance of a risk assessment,', 'start': 584.512, 'duration': 8.708}, {'end': 598.705, 'text': 'selection of appropriate controls to mitigate the risk and to accept the residual risk.', 'start': 593.22, 'duration': 5.485}, {'end': 606.545, 'text': 'Process owners ensure appropriate security measures consistent with organizational policy are maintained.', 'start': 600.043, 'duration': 6.502}], 'summary': 'Establish security committee, define risk management, involve business in security decisions, appoint ciso for policy enforcement.', 'duration': 22.033, 'max_score': 508.59, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg508590.jpg'}, {'end': 757.257, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 730.148, 'weight': 8, 'content': [{'end': 734.549, 'text': 'Let us continue discussing system access permissions in the next screen.', 'start': 730.148, 'duration': 4.401}, {'end': 741.707, 'text': 'Physical controls restrict entry and exit of personnel, movement of equipment and media.', 'start': 735.643, 'duration': 6.064}, {'end': 746.23, 'text': 'They include badges, memory cards, keys and biometrics.', 'start': 742.327, 'duration': 3.903}, {'end': 753.134, 'text': 'Access is granted on a documented need-to-know basis, with legitimate business requirement,', 'start': 747.15, 'duration': 5.984}, {'end': 757.257, 'text': 'based on least privilege and on segregation of duties principles.', 'start': 753.134, 'duration': 4.123}], 'summary': 'Access permissions are granted based on business need, least privilege, and segregation of duties, using physical controls like badges, memory cards, keys, and biometrics.', 'duration': 27.109, 'max_score': 730.148, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg730148.jpg'}, {'end': 819.107, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 792.318, 'weight': 9, 'content': [{'end': 798.702, 'text': 'Only administrators can grant a right of access guided by an established policy of the organization.', 'start': 792.318, 'duration': 6.384}, {'end': 807.92, 'text': 'Discretionary Access Controls Controls may be configured or modified by the users or data owners.', 'start': 799.895, 'duration': 8.025}, {'end': 811.762, 'text': 'Access may be activated or modified by a data owner.', 'start': 808.74, 'duration': 3.022}, {'end': 819.107, 'text': 'DACs cannot override MACs, and they act as additional filters to restrict access further.', 'start': 812.483, 'duration': 6.624}], 'summary': 'Only administrators can grant access based on policy. dacs can be configured by users. dacs cannot override macs.', 'duration': 26.789, 'max_score': 792.318, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg792318.jpg'}], 'start': 127.028, 'title': 'Business risks and information security', 'summary': 'Discusses risks to business such as financial loss and electronic fraud, emphasizing aligning security with business objectives and critical factors in information security management. it also covers key elements of information security management such as senior management commitment, risk management, security policies, roles and responsibilities, security committees, and system access permissions.', 'chapters': [{'end': 453.287, 'start': 127.028, 'title': 'Business risks and information security', 'summary': 'Discusses the risks to business including financial loss, electronic fraud, and the various threats to information assets. it also emphasizes the importance of aligning security with business objectives and the critical factors in information security management.', 'duration': 326.259, 'highlights': ['The risks to business include financial loss, electronic fraud, legal repercussions, loss of credibility or competitive edge, blackmail, industrial espionage, sabotage, and breach of confidentiality. Various risks to business are outlined, including financial loss, electronic fraud, and potential legal repercussions.', 'The threats to information assets include hackers, crackers, freakers, authorized or unauthorized employees, IS personnel, end users, former employees, interested or educated outsiders, competitors, organized criminals, part-time and temporary personnel, vendors and consultants, and accidental ignorance. The transcript lists the various threats to information assets, including hackers, employees, competitors, and accidental ignorance.', 'Security objectives may include ensuring the continued availability of information systems, ensuring the integrity and confidentiality of information, and ensuring compliance with applicable laws, regulations, and standards. The security objectives are highlighted, emphasizing the importance of ensuring availability, integrity, and confidentiality of information, as well as compliance with laws and regulations.', 'The factors that raise the profile of information and privacy risk include electronic trading, loss of organizational barriers through remote access facilities, high profile security exposures, viruses, denial of service attacks, intrusions, unauthorized access disclosures, and identity theft over the Internet. Factors contributing to information and privacy risk are detailed, including electronic trading, security exposures, and various types of cyber attacks.', 'Effective ISM is the most critical factor in protecting information assets and privacy, and factors that raise the profile of information and privacy risk include electronic trading, loss of organizational barriers, and high-profile security exposures. The critical factor of effective Information Security Management (ISM) in protecting information assets and privacy is emphasized, along with the factors escalating information and privacy risk.']}, {'end': 819.107, 'start': 454.148, 'title': 'Info security management', 'summary': 'Discusses the key elements of information security management, including senior management commitment, risk management, security policies, roles and responsibilities, security committees, and system access permissions.', 'duration': 364.959, 'highlights': ['Senior management commitment and support is essential for risk management in Information Security Management (ISM). Senior management commitment is crucial for risk management in ISM.', 'Roles and responsibilities must be clearly defined, documented, and communicated to personnel and management, usually relating to regulatory legal compliance. Clear definition and communication of roles and responsibilities are necessary for regulatory legal compliance.', 'Information, asset owners, and data owners are responsible for risk assessment, selection of appropriate controls, and acceptance of residual risk. Information, asset owners, and data owners are entrusted with the responsibility for risk assessment and control selection.', 'System access permissions include logical and physical controls, restricting access based on need-to-know, least privilege, and segregation of duties principles. System access permissions involve logical and physical controls based on need-to-know, least privilege, and segregation of duties principles.', 'Mandatory Access Controls (MACs) cannot be modified by normal users or data owners and enforce critical security, while Discretionary Access Controls (DACs) can be configured or modified by users or data owners. MACs are unmodifiable and enforce critical security, while DACs can be configured or modified by users or data owners.']}], 'duration': 692.079, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg127028.jpg', 'highlights': ['Various risks to business are outlined, including financial loss, electronic fraud, and potential legal repercussions.', 'The transcript lists the various threats to information assets, including hackers, employees, competitors, and accidental ignorance.', 'The security objectives are highlighted, emphasizing the importance of ensuring availability, integrity, and confidentiality of information, as well as compliance with laws and regulations.', 'Factors contributing to information and privacy risk are detailed, including electronic trading, security exposures, and various types of cyber attacks.', 'The critical factor of effective Information Security Management (ISM) in protecting information assets and privacy is emphasized, along with the factors escalating information and privacy risk.', 'Senior management commitment is crucial for risk management in ISM.', 'Clear definition and communication of roles and responsibilities are necessary for regulatory legal compliance.', 'Information, asset owners, and data owners are entrusted with the responsibility for risk assessment and control selection.', 'System access permissions involve logical and physical controls based on need-to-know, least privilege, and segregation of duties principles.', 'MACs are unmodifiable and enforce critical security, while DACs can be configured or modified by users or data owners.']}, {'end': 1189.367, 'segs': [{'end': 870.537, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 820.047, 'weight': 0, 'content': [{'end': 825.571, 'text': 'In the next few screens, we will learn about privacy management issues and role of IAS auditors.', 'start': 820.047, 'duration': 5.524}, {'end': 834.498, 'text': 'Privacy issues relates to personally identifiable information, for example, personal identification number.', 'start': 826.613, 'duration': 7.885}, {'end': 841.742, 'text': 'Regulations generally restrict use of such data by giving the subject individual rights to access and correct that data.', 'start': 834.498, 'duration': 7.244}, {'end': 848.166, 'text': 'It also governs how such data is obtained, requiring knowledge and consent of the data subject.', 'start': 842.482, 'duration': 5.684}, {'end': 855.734, 'text': 'impact of risks, including marketing risks, transported data flow and variations in regulations,', 'start': 849.053, 'duration': 6.681}, {'end': 859.135, 'text': 'and may require privacy experts during risk assessment.', 'start': 855.734, 'duration': 3.401}, {'end': 870.537, 'text': 'The goals of a privacy impact assessment are identifying the nature of personally identifiable information relating to business processes,', 'start': 860.155, 'duration': 10.382}], 'summary': "Privacy management and ias auditors' role in handling personally identifiable information, data regulations, and privacy impact assessment.", 'duration': 50.49, 'max_score': 820.047, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg820047.jpg'}, {'end': 915.481, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 892.652, 'weight': 2, 'content': [{'end': 902.036, 'text': 'considerations relating to privacy include adequacy of privacy assessment, for example, compliance with privacy policy laws and other regulations,', 'start': 892.652, 'duration': 9.384}, {'end': 905.297, 'text': 'and the manner in which IT is used for competitive gain.', 'start': 902.036, 'duration': 3.261}, {'end': 912.56, 'text': 'Another consideration is the ongoing assessments conducted when new products, services, systems, operations,', 'start': 906.037, 'duration': 6.523}, {'end': 915.481, 'text': 'processes and third parties are under consideration.', 'start': 912.56, 'duration': 2.921}], 'summary': 'Privacy considerations: adequacy of privacy assessment, compliance with laws, it for competitive gain, ongoing assessments for new products, services, systems, operations, processes, and third parties.', 'duration': 22.829, 'max_score': 892.652, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg892652.jpg'}, {'end': 994.052, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 967.104, 'weight': 5, 'content': [{'end': 970.326, 'text': 'Controls must be agreed to and defined in a formal agreement.', 'start': 967.104, 'duration': 3.222}, {'end': 975.11, 'text': 'Organization must have right to audit the implementation and operations.', 'start': 970.947, 'duration': 4.163}, {'end': 985.625, 'text': 'External party arrangements include service providers, ISPs, network providers, managed security services, customers,', 'start': 976.138, 'duration': 9.487}, {'end': 994.052, 'text': 'outsourcing facilities and or operations, IT systems, data collection services, management and business, consultants and auditors,', 'start': 985.625, 'duration': 8.427}], 'summary': 'Formal agreement needed for controls, including audits. involves external parties like service providers, isps, network providers, and more.', 'duration': 26.948, 'max_score': 967.104, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg967104.jpg'}, {'end': 1043.656, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 1015.223, 'weight': 4, 'content': [{'end': 1024.464, 'text': 'These types of access include physical access, logical access, network connectivity, organization and external party,', 'start': 1015.223, 'duration': 9.241}, {'end': 1032.906, 'text': 'value and sensitivity of information involved and its criticality for business operations, and legal and other regulatory requirements.', 'start': 1024.464, 'duration': 8.442}, {'end': 1043.656, 'text': "Security in relation to customers involve identifying security requirements for customers' access, the customer access security considerations,", 'start': 1033.829, 'duration': 9.827}], 'summary': 'Types of access include physical, logical, and network, with considerations for information sensitivity and legal requirements.', 'duration': 28.433, 'max_score': 1015.223, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg1015223.jpg'}, {'end': 1137.232, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 1089.352, 'weight': 6, 'content': [{'end': 1098.156, 'text': 'The key knowledge point is the processes related to monitoring and responding to security incidents, for example, escalation procedures,', 'start': 1089.352, 'duration': 8.804}, {'end': 1100.257, 'text': 'emergency incident response team.', 'start': 1098.156, 'duration': 2.101}, {'end': 1107.576, 'text': 'A formal incident response capability should be established to minimize the impact of security incidents,', 'start': 1101.157, 'duration': 6.419}, {'end': 1112.525, 'text': 'recovery in a timely and controlled manner and learn from such incidents.', 'start': 1107.576, 'duration': 4.949}, {'end': 1116.271, 'text': 'History should be kept through properly recording of incidents.', 'start': 1113.226, 'duration': 3.045}, {'end': 1126.783, 'text': 'While security management may be responsible for monitoring and investigating events and may have drafted or set a requirement for escalation procedures,', 'start': 1116.994, 'duration': 9.789}, {'end': 1130.026, 'text': 'other functions must be involved to ensure proper response.', 'start': 1126.783, 'duration': 3.243}, {'end': 1137.232, 'text': 'These functions must have well-defined and communicated processes in place that are tested periodically.', 'start': 1130.827, 'duration': 6.405}], 'summary': 'Establish formal incident response capability to minimize impact, recover timely, and learn from incidents.', 'duration': 47.88, 'max_score': 1089.352, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg1089352.jpg'}, {'end': 1189.367, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 1166.044, 'weight': 9, 'content': [{'end': 1177.888, 'text': 'and it includes planning and preparation, detection, initiation, recording, evaluation, containment, eradication, escalation, response, recovery,', 'start': 1166.044, 'duration': 11.844}, {'end': 1180.389, 'text': 'closure and post-incident review.', 'start': 1177.888, 'duration': 2.501}, {'end': 1184.911, 'text': 'Let us continue discussing incident handling and response.', 'start': 1181.33, 'duration': 3.581}, {'end': 1189.367, 'text': 'Procedures are defined for reporting different types of incidents.', 'start': 1185.984, 'duration': 3.383}], 'summary': 'Incident handling involves 11 steps and defined reporting procedures.', 'duration': 23.323, 'max_score': 1166.044, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg1166044.jpg'}], 'start': 820.047, 'title': 'Privacy management, ias auditors, and security incidents', 'summary': 'Discusses privacy management issues, the role of ias auditors in privacy impact assessment, privacy and information security considerations, including compliance, impact of it on competitive advantage, and external party involvement, and monitoring and responding to security incidents emphasizing timely recovery and learning.', 'chapters': [{'end': 892.652, 'start': 820.047, 'title': 'Privacy management and role of ias auditors', 'summary': 'Discusses privacy management issues related to personally identifiable information, such as personal identification numbers, and the role of ias auditors in privacy impact assessment, including the goals and impact of risks.', 'duration': 72.605, 'highlights': ['Privacy impact assessment aims to identify personally identifiable information in business processes, document its use, and provide management with options to mitigate privacy risk, ensuring compliance with relevant regulations.', 'Regulations restrict the use of personally identifiable information and require knowledge and consent of the data subject, impacting risks such as marketing risks and data flow.', 'The role of IAS auditors involves assessing the impact of risks, including marketing risks, transported data flow, and variations in regulations, and may require privacy experts during risk assessment.']}, {'end': 1065.113, 'start': 892.652, 'title': 'Privacy and information security considerations', 'summary': 'Discusses privacy considerations including privacy assessment, compliance with laws and regulations, and the impact of it on competitive advantage. it also covers information security and external parties, emphasizing the need for defining roles and responsibilities, maintaining security when involving external party services, and addressing customer access security considerations.', 'duration': 172.461, 'highlights': ['The chapter discusses privacy considerations including privacy assessment, compliance with laws and regulations, and the impact of IT on competitive advantage. The considerations relating to privacy include adequacy of privacy assessment, compliance with privacy policy laws and other regulations, and the manner in which IT is used for competitive gain.', "It also covers information security and external parties, emphasizing the need for defining roles and responsibilities, maintaining security when involving external party services, and addressing customer access security considerations. The roles and responsibilities of employees, contractors, and third-party users should be defined and documented in accordance with the organizational security policy. Security of information and processing facilities must be maintained when external party services or products are introduced. It also involves identifying security requirements for customers' access, access control policy, arrangements for reporting, notification and investigation of information inaccuracies, target levels of service and unacceptable levels of service.", 'Controls must be agreed to and defined in a formal agreement. Controls must be agreed to and defined in a formal agreement when external party services or products are introduced.', 'External party arrangements include various types of service providers, network providers, managed security services, customers, outsourcing facilities, and IT systems. External party arrangements include service providers, ISPs, network providers, managed security services, customers, outsourcing facilities and or operations, IT systems, data collection services, management and business, consultants and auditors, developers and suppliers, cleaning, catering and other outsourced support services.']}, {'end': 1189.367, 'start': 1065.113, 'title': 'Monitoring and responding to security incidents', 'summary': 'Covers the processes related to monitoring and responding to security incidents, such as escalation procedures and establishing a formal incident response capability, with an emphasis on minimizing impact, timely recovery, and learning from incidents.', 'duration': 124.254, 'highlights': ['The processes related to monitoring and responding to security incidents are crucial, including escalation procedures and establishing a formal incident response capability to minimize impact and learn from incidents.', 'Security management is responsible for monitoring and investigating events, while other functions must have well-defined and communicated processes in place, tested periodically, to ensure proper response.', 'A formal incident response capability should be established to minimize the impact of security incidents, recovery in a timely and controlled manner and learn from such incidents.', 'Procedures should be defined for reporting different types of incidents to ensure effective incident handling and response.', 'History should be kept through properly recording of incidents, and functions must have well-defined and communicated processes in place to ensure proper response.']}], 'duration': 369.32, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg820047.jpg', 'highlights': ['Privacy impact assessment aims to identify personally identifiable information in business processes, document its use, and provide management with options to mitigate privacy risk, ensuring compliance with relevant regulations.', 'The role of IAS auditors involves assessing the impact of risks, including marketing risks, transported data flow, and variations in regulations, and may require privacy experts during risk assessment.', 'The chapter discusses privacy considerations including privacy assessment, compliance with laws and regulations, and the impact of IT on competitive advantage.', 'The considerations relating to privacy include adequacy of privacy assessment, compliance with privacy policy laws and other regulations, and the manner in which IT is used for competitive gain.', 'It also covers information security and external parties, emphasizing the need for defining roles and responsibilities, maintaining security when involving external party services, and addressing customer access security considerations.', 'Controls must be agreed to and defined in a formal agreement when external party services or products are introduced.', 'The processes related to monitoring and responding to security incidents are crucial, including escalation procedures and establishing a formal incident response capability to minimize impact and learn from incidents.', 'Security management is responsible for monitoring and investigating events, while other functions must have well-defined and communicated processes in place, tested periodically, to ensure proper response.', 'A formal incident response capability should be established to minimize the impact of security incidents, recovery in a timely and controlled manner and learn from such incidents.', 'Procedures should be defined for reporting different types of incidents to ensure effective incident handling and response.']}, {'end': 2131.577, 'segs': [{'end': 1213.927, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 1190.108, 'weight': 0, 'content': [{'end': 1197.055, 'text': 'The process involves quick reporting and collection of evidence and formal disciplinary process and, where applicable,', 'start': 1190.108, 'duration': 6.947}, {'end': 1199.177, 'text': 'automated intrusion detection systems.', 'start': 1197.055, 'duration': 2.122}, {'end': 1206.505, 'text': 'Incident handling and response roles involve coordinator, who is the liaison to business process.', 'start': 1200.078, 'duration': 6.427}, {'end': 1210.487, 'text': 'owners Director, who oversees incident response capability.', 'start': 1206.505, 'duration': 3.982}, {'end': 1213.927, 'text': 'Managers who manage individual incidents.', 'start': 1211.387, 'duration': 2.54}], 'summary': 'Incident handling involves quick reporting, evidence collection, and coordination within the response team.', 'duration': 23.819, 'max_score': 1190.108, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg1190108.jpg'}, {'end': 1390.811, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 1335.575, 'weight': 1, 'content': [{'end': 1344.278, 'text': 'Strong authentication may include dual or multi-factor authentication using User 10 password tokens and biometrics.', 'start': 1335.575, 'duration': 8.703}, {'end': 1348.48, 'text': 'The main areas covered here are logical access.', 'start': 1345.139, 'duration': 3.341}, {'end': 1355.474, 'text': 'Logical access controls are the primary means used to manage and protect information assets.', 'start': 1349.71, 'duration': 5.764}, {'end': 1362.539, 'text': 'These exposures can result in minor inconveniences to a total shutdown of computer functions.', 'start': 1356.275, 'duration': 6.264}, {'end': 1369.402, 'text': 'Logical access controls involve managing and controlling access to information resources.', 'start': 1363.519, 'duration': 5.883}, {'end': 1374.564, 'text': 'It is based on management policies and procedures for information security.', 'start': 1370.162, 'duration': 4.402}, {'end': 1381.428, 'text': 'Logical access controls must be evaluated vis-à-vis information security objectives.', 'start': 1375.365, 'duration': 6.063}, {'end': 1390.811, 'text': 'Familiarization with the IT environment helps in determining which areas, from a risk standpoint, warrant IS auditing attention.', 'start': 1382.301, 'duration': 8.51}], 'summary': 'Logical access control involves dual/multi-factor authentication, biometrics, and management policies for information security.', 'duration': 55.236, 'max_score': 1335.575, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg1335575.jpg'}, {'end': 1540.998, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 1513.027, 'weight': 3, 'content': [{'end': 1518.209, 'text': 'Logical access control software has become critical in protecting IS resources.', 'start': 1513.027, 'duration': 5.182}, {'end': 1524.732, 'text': 'It prevents unauthorized access and modification to sensitive data and use of critical functions.', 'start': 1518.889, 'duration': 5.843}, {'end': 1531.914, 'text': 'It is applied across all layers of IS architecture, network, OS, DBs, and applications.', 'start': 1525.472, 'duration': 6.442}, {'end': 1540.998, 'text': 'Common attributes of this software is that it has some form of identification and authentication, provides access authorization.', 'start': 1532.595, 'duration': 8.403}], 'summary': 'Logical access control software safeguards is resources from unauthorized access and modification across all layers of is architecture.', 'duration': 27.971, 'max_score': 1513.027, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg1513027.jpg'}, {'end': 1617.115, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 1587.963, 'weight': 4, 'content': [{'end': 1604.787, 'text': 'software functions include creating or changing user profiles, assigning user identification and authentication, applying user logon limitation rules,', 'start': 1587.963, 'duration': 16.824}, {'end': 1614.193, 'text': 'establishing rules for access to specific resources, creating individual accountability and auditability by logging user activities,', 'start': 1604.787, 'duration': 9.406}, {'end': 1617.115, 'text': 'logging events and reporting capabilities.', 'start': 1614.193, 'duration': 2.922}], 'summary': 'Software functions include user profile creation, authentication, access rules, accountability logging, and reporting capabilities.', 'duration': 29.152, 'max_score': 1587.963, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg1587963.jpg'}, {'end': 1716.479, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 1690.894, 'weight': 5, 'content': [{'end': 1696.936, 'text': 'I&A is the process by which the system obtains identity from a user,', 'start': 1690.894, 'duration': 6.042}, {'end': 1702.558, 'text': 'the credentials needed to authenticate identity and validates both pieces of information.', 'start': 1696.936, 'duration': 5.622}, {'end': 1707.16, 'text': 'I&A is a critical building block of computer security,', 'start': 1703.499, 'duration': 3.661}, {'end': 1714.503, 'text': 'since it is needed for most types of access control and is necessary for establishing user accountability.', 'start': 1707.16, 'duration': 7.343}, {'end': 1716.479, 'text': 'For most systems,', 'start': 1715.319, 'duration': 1.16}], 'summary': 'I&a process ensures identity and credentials for computer security.', 'duration': 25.585, 'max_score': 1690.894, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg1690894.jpg'}, {'end': 1811.921, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 1784.969, 'weight': 6, 'content': [{'end': 1793.033, 'text': 'It is a critical building block of IS security, in which the basis of most access control systems first line of defense,', 'start': 1784.969, 'duration': 8.064}, {'end': 1795.133, 'text': 'preventing unauthorized access.', 'start': 1793.033, 'duration': 2.1}, {'end': 1801.456, 'text': 'INA also establishes user accountability, linking activities to users.', 'start': 1795.994, 'duration': 5.462}, {'end': 1806.398, 'text': 'Multi-factor authentication is a combination of more than one method.', 'start': 1802.357, 'duration': 4.041}, {'end': 1811.921, 'text': 'For example, token and password or PIN, token and biometric device.', 'start': 1806.679, 'duration': 5.242}], 'summary': 'Ina is critical for is security, establishing user accountability and using multi-factor authentication.', 'duration': 26.952, 'max_score': 1784.969, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg1784969.jpg'}, {'end': 1946.532, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 1864.235, 'weight': 8, 'content': [{'end': 1870.84, 'text': 'In the next few screens, we will discuss about identification and authentication logon IDs and passwords.', 'start': 1864.235, 'duration': 6.605}, {'end': 1879.827, 'text': 'Logon IDs and passwords is a two-phase user identification authentication process based on something you know.', 'start': 1872.061, 'duration': 7.766}, {'end': 1883.489, 'text': 'Logon ID, individual identification.', 'start': 1880.647, 'duration': 2.842}, {'end': 1886.592, 'text': 'Password, individual authentication.', 'start': 1883.97, 'duration': 2.622}, {'end': 1894.492, 'text': 'It is used to restrict access to computerized information, transactions, programs, and system software.', 'start': 1887.409, 'duration': 7.083}, {'end': 1902.696, 'text': 'It may involve an internal list of valid logon IDs and a corresponding set of access rules for each logon ID.', 'start': 1895.192, 'duration': 7.504}, {'end': 1911.119, 'text': 'The access rules can be specified at OS level controlling access to files or, within individual applications,', 'start': 1903.456, 'duration': 7.663}, {'end': 1914.441, 'text': 'controlling access to menu functions and types of data.', 'start': 1911.119, 'duration': 3.322}, {'end': 1922.071, 'text': 'Features of passwords include easy for the user to remember but difficult for a perpetrator to guess.', 'start': 1915.486, 'duration': 6.585}, {'end': 1930.398, 'text': 'When the user logs on for the first time, the system should force a password change to improve confidentiality.', 'start': 1922.872, 'duration': 7.526}, {'end': 1934.741, 'text': 'Limited number of log-on attempts, typically three.', 'start': 1931.298, 'duration': 3.443}, {'end': 1938.424, 'text': 'User verification for forgotten passwords.', 'start': 1935.742, 'duration': 2.682}, {'end': 1942.591, 'text': 'Internal one-way encryption and not displayed in any form.', 'start': 1939.19, 'duration': 3.401}, {'end': 1946.532, 'text': 'Changed periodically, for example, every 30 days.', 'start': 1943.351, 'duration': 3.181}], 'summary': 'Logon ids and passwords are used for user identification and authentication, involving a two-phase process, limited log-on attempts, and periodic changes for enhanced security.', 'duration': 82.297, 'max_score': 1864.235, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg1864235.jpg'}, {'end': 2021.814, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 1974.951, 'weight': 11, 'content': [{'end': 1981.173, 'text': 'system should enforce regular change of passwords, for example after every 30 days.', 'start': 1974.951, 'duration': 6.222}, {'end': 1986.495, 'text': 'no reuse of previous passwords, for example, at least one year after being changed.', 'start': 1981.173, 'duration': 5.322}, {'end': 1989.386, 'text': 'Deactivate dormant logon IDs.', 'start': 1987.324, 'duration': 2.062}, {'end': 1992.308, 'text': 'Automatic session inactivity timeouts.', 'start': 1989.406, 'duration': 2.902}, {'end': 2000.054, 'text': 'Powerful user IDs accounts, such as supervisor and administrator accounts, should be strictly controlled.', 'start': 1992.708, 'duration': 7.346}, {'end': 2002.736, 'text': 'These could have full access to the system.', 'start': 2000.475, 'duration': 2.261}, {'end': 2006.639, 'text': 'Administrator password should be known only by one person.', 'start': 2003.597, 'duration': 3.042}, {'end': 2011.523, 'text': 'However, the password should be kept in a sealed envelope for business continuity.', 'start': 2007.06, 'duration': 4.463}, {'end': 2015.927, 'text': 'Let us proceed to the next slide for more on passwords.', 'start': 2012.444, 'duration': 3.483}, {'end': 2021.814, 'text': 'Token devices and one-time passwords is a two-factor authentication technique.', 'start': 2016.69, 'duration': 5.124}], 'summary': 'Enforce regular password changes every 30 days, no reuse of passwords for at least a year, deactivate dormant logon ids, implement automatic session timeouts, and use two-factor authentication with token devices and one-time passwords.', 'duration': 46.863, 'max_score': 1974.951, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg1974951.jpg'}, {'end': 2074.985, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 2047.779, 'weight': 13, 'content': [{'end': 2054.98, 'text': 'technique involves something you have, a device subject to theft and something you know a pin.', 'start': 2047.779, 'duration': 7.201}, {'end': 2059.641, 'text': 'in the next screen we will learn about identification and authentication.', 'start': 2054.98, 'duration': 4.661}, {'end': 2062.581, 'text': 'biometric access control.', 'start': 2059.641, 'duration': 2.94}, {'end': 2070.464, 'text': "biometric security access control is the best means of authenticating a user's identity based on a unique,", 'start': 2062.581, 'duration': 7.883}, {'end': 2074.985, 'text': 'measurable attribute or trait for verifying the identity of a human being.', 'start': 2070.464, 'duration': 4.521}], 'summary': 'Biometric access control is the best means of user authentication based on unique measurable attributes.', 'duration': 27.206, 'max_score': 2047.779, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg2047779.jpg'}], 'start': 1190.108, 'title': 'Security controls and user authentication', 'summary': 'Covers incident handling, logical access controls, security controls for software and hardware, and user identification and authentication, emphasizing the critical role of access controls and authentication methods in protecting information assets and preventing unauthorized access.', 'chapters': [{'end': 1587.963, 'start': 1190.108, 'title': 'Logical access controls and incident handling', 'summary': 'Covers incident handling and response roles, logical access controls, and the importance of managing and protecting information assets through logical access controls, with a focus on authentication methods and the critical role of logical access control software in protecting is resources.', 'duration': 397.855, 'highlights': ['Incident handling and response roles involve coordinator, director, managers, security specialists, non-security technical specialists, and business unit leader liaisons. The incident handling and response roles involve various positions such as coordinators, directors, managers, security specialists, non-security technical specialists, and business unit leader liaisons.', 'Logical access controls are used to manage and protect information assets, enacting and substantiating policies and procedures designed by management. Logical access controls play a crucial role in managing and protecting information assets by enacting and substantiating policies and procedures designed by management.', 'The success of logical access controls is tied to the strength of the authentication method, for example, strong passwords, dual or multi-factor authentication using User 10 password tokens and biometrics. The success of logical access controls depends on the strength of the authentication method, such as strong passwords, dual or multi-factor authentication using User 10 password tokens, and biometrics.', 'Logical access control software provides access authorization, specific information resource checks, and logs and reporting of user activities. Logical access control software provides access authorization, specific information resource checks, and logs and reporting of user activities, which are critical for protecting IS resources.', 'OS system access control software interfaces with databases and applications to protect system libraries and data sets. The OS system access control software interfaces with databases and applications to protect system libraries and data sets, ensuring the security of critical data.']}, {'end': 1863.326, 'start': 1587.963, 'title': 'Security controls for software and hardware', 'summary': 'Covers security controls for software and hardware including access control software, identification and authentication, and multi-factor authentication with an emphasis on preventing unauthorized access and establishing user accountability.', 'duration': 275.363, 'highlights': ['Access control software restricts access based on specific user roles, creating individual accountability through user activity logging and reporting capabilities. Access control software restricts access based on specific user roles, creating individual accountability through user activity logging and reporting capabilities.', 'Identification and authentication (I&A) is a critical building block of computer security, preventing unauthorized access to computer systems and establishing user accountability. Identification and authentication (I&A) is a critical building block of computer security, preventing unauthorized access to computer systems and establishing user accountability.', 'Multi-factor authentication involves a combination of methods such as token and password or PIN, token and biometric device, and is crucial for enhancing security. Multi-factor authentication involves a combination of methods such as token and password or PIN, token and biometric device, and is crucial for enhancing security.']}, {'end': 2131.577, 'start': 1864.235, 'title': 'User identification & authentication', 'summary': 'Discusses user identification and authentication processes, including two-factor authentication, password policies, and biometric access control, emphasizing the importance of unique logon ids, strong password policies, and biometric features for secure user authentication.', 'duration': 267.342, 'highlights': ['The chapter discusses user identification and authentication processes, including two-factor authentication, password policies, and biometric access control. User identification and authentication processes, two-factor authentication, password policies, biometric access control.', 'It is emphasized that logon IDs and passwords are used to restrict access to computerized information, transactions, programs, and system software. Logon IDs and passwords used for restricting access to computerized information, transactions, programs, and system software.', 'The features of passwords include easy remembrance for the user but difficulty for a perpetrator to guess. Password features include easy remembrance for the user and difficulty for a perpetrator to guess.', 'The system should enforce regular change of passwords, for example, after every 30 days. Regular password changes enforced by the system, e.g., after every 30 days.', 'Powerful user IDs accounts, such as supervisor and administrator accounts, should be strictly controlled. Supervisor and administrator accounts should be strictly controlled.', 'The chapter also covers two-factor authentication techniques, such as token devices and one-time passwords, which provide an additional layer of security for user authentication. Coverage of two-factor authentication techniques including token devices and one-time passwords.', "Biometric access control is discussed as the best means of authenticating a user's identity based on unique, measurable attributes or traits, restricting computer access based on physical or behavioral features of the user. Biometric access control as the best means of authenticating user identity based on unique, measurable attributes or traits, restricting computer access based on physical or behavioral features."]}], 'duration': 941.469, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg1190108.jpg', 'highlights': ['Incident handling and response roles involve various positions such as coordinators, directors, managers, security specialists, non-security technical specialists, and business unit leader liaisons.', 'Logical access controls play a crucial role in managing and protecting information assets by enacting and substantiating policies and procedures designed by management.', 'The success of logical access controls depends on the strength of the authentication method, such as strong passwords, dual or multi-factor authentication using User 10 password tokens, and biometrics.', 'Logical access control software provides access authorization, specific information resource checks, and logs and reporting of user activities, which are critical for protecting IS resources.', 'Access control software restricts access based on specific user roles, creating individual accountability through user activity logging and reporting capabilities.', 'Identification and authentication (I&A) is a critical building block of computer security, preventing unauthorized access to computer systems and establishing user accountability.', 'Multi-factor authentication involves a combination of methods such as token and password or PIN, token and biometric device, and is crucial for enhancing security.', 'The chapter discusses user identification and authentication processes, including two-factor authentication, password policies, and biometric access control.', 'Logon IDs and passwords used for restricting access to computerized information, transactions, programs, and system software.', 'Password features include easy remembrance for the user and difficulty for a perpetrator to guess.', 'Regular password changes enforced by the system, e.g., after every 30 days.', 'Supervisor and administrator accounts should be strictly controlled.', 'Coverage of two-factor authentication techniques including token devices and one-time passwords.', 'Biometric access control as the best means of authenticating user identity based on unique, measurable attributes or traits, restricting computer access based on physical or behavioral features.']}, {'end': 2517.871, 'segs': [{'end': 2216.418, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 2132.577, 'weight': 0, 'content': [{'end': 2139.959, 'text': 'In the next few screens, we will discuss about identification and authentication, single sign-on, SSO.', 'start': 2132.577, 'duration': 7.382}, {'end': 2151.236, 'text': 'Single sign-on is a consolidation of the organization platform-based administration, authentication, and authorization functions.', 'start': 2141.914, 'duration': 9.322}, {'end': 2160.198, 'text': 'It interfaces with client server and distributed systems, mainframe systems, and network security, including remote access.', 'start': 2152.116, 'duration': 8.082}, {'end': 2165.899, 'text': 'The primary domain handles the first instance where user credentials are entered,', 'start': 2161.038, 'duration': 4.861}, {'end': 2170.3, 'text': 'and the secondary domain is any other resource that uses these credentials.', 'start': 2165.899, 'duration': 4.401}, {'end': 2175.033, 'text': 'Single Sign-On SSO Challenges.', 'start': 2171.792, 'duration': 3.241}, {'end': 2187.936, 'text': "Overcoming heterogeneous nature of diverse architecture requires understanding of each system's authorization rules and audit logs and reports.", 'start': 2175.033, 'duration': 12.903}, {'end': 2194.638, 'text': 'Allowing host systems to control the set of users allowed access to particular host systems.', 'start': 2188.837, 'duration': 5.801}, {'end': 2200.212, 'text': 'SSO Advantages Multiple passwords not required.', 'start': 2195.839, 'duration': 4.373}, {'end': 2203.353, 'text': 'Users motivated to select stronger passwords.', 'start': 2200.212, 'duration': 3.141}, {'end': 2207.295, 'text': 'Efficiency in managing users and their authorizations.', 'start': 2203.353, 'duration': 3.942}, {'end': 2211.116, 'text': 'Reduced administrative overheads for resetting passwords.', 'start': 2207.295, 'duration': 3.821}, {'end': 2215.077, 'text': 'Efficiency of disabling user accounts.', 'start': 2211.116, 'duration': 3.961}, {'end': 2216.418, 'text': 'Reduced logon time.', 'start': 2215.077, 'duration': 1.341}], 'summary': 'Sso streamlines authentication, offers efficiency, and reduces administrative overheads.', 'duration': 83.841, 'max_score': 2132.577, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg2132577.jpg'}, {'end': 2273.043, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 2242.747, 'weight': 4, 'content': [{'end': 2250.077, 'text': 'advantages of decentralized administration administration on-site at distributed location.', 'start': 2242.747, 'duration': 7.33}, {'end': 2252.898, 'text': 'timely resolution of issues.', 'start': 2250.077, 'duration': 2.821}, {'end': 2255.158, 'text': 'more frequent monitoring.', 'start': 2252.898, 'duration': 2.26}, {'end': 2258.099, 'text': 'controlling remote and distributed sites.', 'start': 2255.158, 'duration': 2.941}, {'end': 2260.12, 'text': 'software access controls.', 'start': 2258.099, 'duration': 2.021}, {'end': 2262.12, 'text': 'physical access controls.', 'start': 2260.12, 'duration': 2}, {'end': 2263.48, 'text': 'lockable terminals.', 'start': 2262.12, 'duration': 1.36}, {'end': 2265.481, 'text': 'locked computer rooms.', 'start': 2263.48, 'duration': 2.001}, {'end': 2268.102, 'text': 'control over dial-in facilities.', 'start': 2265.481, 'duration': 2.621}, {'end': 2269.982, 'text': 'modems. laptops.', 'start': 2268.102, 'duration': 1.88}, {'end': 2273.043, 'text': 'controls over access to system documentation.', 'start': 2269.982, 'duration': 3.061}], 'summary': 'Decentralized administration offers timely issue resolution, frequent monitoring, and control over access to system documentation.', 'duration': 30.296, 'max_score': 2242.747, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg2242747.jpg'}, {'end': 2400.632, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 2321.679, 'weight': 6, 'content': [{'end': 2332.305, 'text': 'The components of remote access, remote environment, employees, branches, laptops, telecommunication infrastructure, the carrier used,', 'start': 2321.679, 'duration': 10.626}, {'end': 2337.488, 'text': 'corporate computing infrastructure, corporate connecting devices, communication software.', 'start': 2332.305, 'duration': 5.183}, {'end': 2339.43, 'text': 'Remote access.', 'start': 2338.369, 'duration': 1.061}, {'end': 2348.934, 'text': 'risks could be denial of service, malicious third-party access, misconfigured communication software, misconfigured devices,', 'start': 2339.43, 'duration': 9.504}, {'end': 2354.996, 'text': 'host systems not secured appropriately and physical security weaknesses at the remote stations.', 'start': 2348.934, 'duration': 6.062}, {'end': 2360.738, 'text': 'Let us continue discussing about remote access security in the next screen.', 'start': 2355.977, 'duration': 4.761}, {'end': 2369.207, 'text': 'Remote access methods are analog modems and the public telephone network, dedicated network connections,', 'start': 2362.085, 'duration': 7.122}, {'end': 2374.588, 'text': 'proprietary circuits and TCP IP internet-based remote access.', 'start': 2369.207, 'duration': 5.381}, {'end': 2385.13, 'text': 'The remote access controls are policy and standards, proper authorization, identification and authentication mechanisms,', 'start': 2375.648, 'duration': 9.482}, {'end': 2389.031, 'text': 'encryption tools and techniques, system and network management.', 'start': 2385.13, 'duration': 3.901}, {'end': 2394.606, 'text': 'In the next screen, we will discuss about PDAs and mobile technology.', 'start': 2389.921, 'duration': 4.685}, {'end': 2400.632, 'text': 'PDAs augment desktops and laptops due to their ease of use and functionality.', 'start': 2395.667, 'duration': 4.965}], 'summary': 'Remote access security involves risks like denial of service, malicious third-party access, and misconfigured software and devices. methods include analog modems, dedicated network connections, and tcp ip internet-based remote access.', 'duration': 78.953, 'max_score': 2321.679, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg2321679.jpg'}], 'start': 2132.577, 'title': 'Sso, logical access security, and remote access security', 'summary': 'Covers the implementation of single sign-on, logical access security administration, and remote access security, addressing challenges, advantages, disadvantages, and methods like analog modems and tcp ip internet-based remote access.', 'chapters': [{'end': 2187.936, 'start': 2132.577, 'title': 'Sso and authentication', 'summary': 'Covers the implementation of single sign-on (sso) for organization platform-based administration, authentication, and authorization functions, while addressing challenges related to heterogeneous architecture and understanding system authorization rules and audit logs.', 'duration': 55.359, 'highlights': ['Single sign-on (SSO) consolidates organization platform-based administration, authentication, and authorization functions, and interfaces with various systems such as client server, distributed systems, mainframe systems, and network security.', 'The primary domain handles the first instance where user credentials are entered, and the secondary domain is any other resource that uses these credentials.', "Overcoming heterogeneous architecture challenges requires understanding of each system's authorization rules and audit logs and reports."]}, {'end': 2299.947, 'start': 2188.837, 'title': 'Logical access security administration', 'summary': 'Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of single sign-on (sso), emphasizing the efficiency in managing users, reduced administrative overheads, and the risk of single point of network failure. it also covers the decentralized administration of logical access security, highlighting the advantages of on-site administration, timely issue resolution, and controls over system documentation and data transmission.', 'duration': 111.11, 'highlights': ['The chapter discusses the advantages and disadvantages of Single Sign-On (SSO), emphasizing the efficiency in managing users, reduced administrative overheads, and the risk of single point of network failure.', 'It covers the decentralized administration of logical access security, highlighting the advantages of on-site administration, timely issue resolution, and controls over system documentation and data transmission.', 'Users motivated to select stronger passwords due to the SSO advantages.', 'Efficiency of disabling user accounts is an advantage of SSO, leading to reduced logon time.', 'Substantial interface development required for SSO is a disadvantage, making the development costly.', 'Local standards may be implemented with decentralized administration, posing risks due to the deviation from organizational standards.']}, {'end': 2517.871, 'start': 2299.947, 'title': 'Remote access and mobile security', 'summary': 'Discusses remote access security, including risks, controls, and methods like analog modems and tcp ip internet-based remote access, as well as pdas and mobile technology security concerns and access control software.', 'duration': 217.924, 'highlights': ['The chapter discusses remote access security, including risks, controls, and methods like analog modems and TCP IP internet-based remote access. It covers the components of remote access, risks such as denial of service and malicious third-party access, and the methods of remote access like analog modems and TCP IP internet-based remote access.', 'The chapter also covers PDAs and mobile technology security concerns and access control software. It addresses the inherent risks of PDAs, control issues related to compliance with policies and procedures, and the use of access control software for audit logging and monitoring system access.']}], 'duration': 385.294, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg2132577.jpg', 'highlights': ['Single sign-on (SSO) consolidates organization platform-based administration, authentication, and authorization functions, and interfaces with various systems such as client server, distributed systems, mainframe systems, and network security.', 'The primary domain handles the first instance where user credentials are entered, and the secondary domain is any other resource that uses these credentials.', "Overcoming heterogeneous architecture challenges requires understanding of each system's authorization rules and audit logs and reports.", 'The chapter discusses the advantages and disadvantages of Single Sign-On (SSO), emphasizing the efficiency in managing users, reduced administrative overheads, and the risk of single point of network failure.', 'It covers the decentralized administration of logical access security, highlighting the advantages of on-site administration, timely issue resolution, and controls over system documentation and data transmission.', 'Efficiency of disabling user accounts is an advantage of SSO, leading to reduced logon time.', 'The chapter discusses remote access security, including risks, controls, and methods like analog modems and TCP IP internet-based remote access.', 'It covers the components of remote access, risks such as denial of service and malicious third-party access, and the methods of remote access like analog modems and TCP IP internet-based remote access.', 'The chapter also covers PDAs and mobile technology security concerns and access control software.']}, {'end': 3605.241, 'segs': [{'end': 2576.095, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 2547.899, 'weight': 0, 'content': [{'end': 2558.227, 'text': 'Virtualization provides an organization with a significant opportunity to increase efficiency and decrease costs in its IT operations.', 'start': 2547.899, 'duration': 10.328}, {'end': 2571.392, 'text': 'The IS auditor needs to know the different advantages and disadvantages and needs to consider whether the enterprise has considered the applicable risks in its decision to adopt,', 'start': 2559.144, 'duration': 12.248}, {'end': 2573.794, 'text': 'implement and maintain this technology.', 'start': 2571.392, 'duration': 2.402}, {'end': 2576.095, 'text': 'At a higher level.', 'start': 2574.834, 'duration': 1.261}], 'summary': 'Virtualization increases efficiency and decreases costs in it operations.', 'duration': 28.196, 'max_score': 2547.899, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg2547899.jpg'}, {'end': 2790.966, 'src': 'heatmap', 'start': 2638.327, 'weight': 0.759, 'content': [{'end': 2643.511, 'text': 'In this topic, we will learn about the concepts in Knowledge Statement 5.6.', 'start': 2638.327, 'duration': 5.184}, {'end': 2647.454, 'text': 'Let us discuss network security controls in the next screen.', 'start': 2643.511, 'duration': 3.943}, {'end': 2657.98, 'text': "Knowledge of the configuration, implementation, operation, and maintenance of network security controls are what we'll learn in this slide.", 'start': 2648.53, 'duration': 9.45}, {'end': 2667.05, 'text': 'Enterprises can effectively prevent and detect most attacks on their networks by employing perimeter security controls.', 'start': 2659.021, 'duration': 8.029}, {'end': 2678.283, 'text': 'Firewalls and Intrusion Detection System, IDS, provide protection and critical alert information at borders between trusted and untrusted networks.', 'start': 2667.895, 'duration': 10.388}, {'end': 2687.511, 'text': 'Proper implementation and maintenance of firewalls and IDS is critical to successful, in-depth security program.', 'start': 2679.184, 'duration': 8.327}, {'end': 2705.3, 'text': 'The IS auditor must understand the level of intruder detection provided by the different possible locations of the IDS and the importance of policies and procedures to determine the action required by security and technical staff when an intruder is reported.', 'start': 2688.516, 'duration': 16.784}, {'end': 2710.561, 'text': 'Main areas covered here are Internet threats and security.', 'start': 2706.38, 'duration': 4.181}, {'end': 2715.642, 'text': 'In the next few screens, we will discuss about network infrastructure security.', 'start': 2711.441, 'duration': 4.201}, {'end': 2720.762, 'text': 'The table demonstrates network infrastructure security.', 'start': 2717.341, 'duration': 3.421}, {'end': 2728.044, 'text': 'Auditing. use of the internet involves ensuring a business case for email communication, marketing,', 'start': 2722.102, 'duration': 5.942}, {'end': 2735.666, 'text': 'customer communication sales channel or e-commerce channel for delivery of goods and services, online stores,', 'start': 2728.044, 'duration': 7.622}, {'end': 2739.067, 'text': 'internet banking and information gathering research.', 'start': 2735.666, 'duration': 3.401}, {'end': 2741.168, 'text': 'Auditing networks.', 'start': 2740.228, 'duration': 0.94}, {'end': 2747.602, 'text': 'Review network diagrams to identify networking infrastructure and network design.', 'start': 2742.099, 'duration': 5.503}, {'end': 2754.005, 'text': 'Also review network management, policies, procedures, standards, guidance distributed to staff.', 'start': 2748.282, 'duration': 5.723}, {'end': 2762.289, 'text': 'Besides, identify responsibility for security and operation and review staff training, duties, and responsibilities.', 'start': 2754.725, 'duration': 7.564}, {'end': 2768.012, 'text': 'You will further review legal issues regarding the use of the Internet service level,', 'start': 2763.07, 'duration': 4.942}, {'end': 2771.814, 'text': 'agreements with third parties and network administrator procedures.', 'start': 2768.012, 'duration': 3.802}, {'end': 2779.74, 'text': 'Auditing remote access involves Identify all remote access facilities, ensuring they have been documented.', 'start': 2772.836, 'duration': 6.904}, {'end': 2783.122, 'text': 'Review policies governing the use of remote access.', 'start': 2780.4, 'duration': 2.722}, {'end': 2788.365, 'text': 'Review architecture, identifying points of entry and assessing their controls.', 'start': 2783.862, 'duration': 4.503}, {'end': 2790.966, 'text': 'Test dial-up access controls.', 'start': 2789.065, 'duration': 1.901}], 'summary': 'Learn about network security controls, firewall, ids, and auditing for network infrastructure security.', 'duration': 152.639, 'max_score': 2638.327, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg2638327.jpg'}, {'end': 2687.511, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 2659.021, 'weight': 2, 'content': [{'end': 2667.05, 'text': 'Enterprises can effectively prevent and detect most attacks on their networks by employing perimeter security controls.', 'start': 2659.021, 'duration': 8.029}, {'end': 2678.283, 'text': 'Firewalls and Intrusion Detection System, IDS, provide protection and critical alert information at borders between trusted and untrusted networks.', 'start': 2667.895, 'duration': 10.388}, {'end': 2687.511, 'text': 'Proper implementation and maintenance of firewalls and IDS is critical to successful, in-depth security program.', 'start': 2679.184, 'duration': 8.327}], 'summary': 'Enterprises can prevent and detect attacks using perimeter security controls like firewalls and ids.', 'duration': 28.49, 'max_score': 2659.021, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg2659021.jpg'}, {'end': 3166.005, 'src': 'heatmap', 'start': 3011.517, 'weight': 0.727, 'content': [{'end': 3017.321, 'text': 'General firewall features include combination of hardware, routers, servers and software.', 'start': 3011.517, 'duration': 5.804}, {'end': 3022.707, 'text': 'it should control the most vulnerable point between a corporate network and the Internet.', 'start': 3018.064, 'duration': 4.643}, {'end': 3030.772, 'text': 'General techniques used to control traffic are service control, direction control, user control,', 'start': 3023.508, 'duration': 7.264}, {'end': 3044.065, 'text': 'behavior control based on how services are being used.', 'start': 3030.772, 'duration': 13.293}, {'end': 3048.308, 'text': 'In the next few screens we will discuss about types of firewalls.', 'start': 3044.065, 'duration': 4.243}, {'end': 3058.234, 'text': 'The types of firewalls are router packet filtering, application firewall systems, and stateful inspection firewalls.', 'start': 3049.308, 'duration': 8.926}, {'end': 3064.819, 'text': 'Router packet filtering firewall is deployed between the private network and the Internet.', 'start': 3059.255, 'duration': 5.564}, {'end': 3069.747, 'text': 'Screening routers, examine packet headers to ascertain IP address,', 'start': 3065.566, 'duration': 4.181}, {'end': 3076.969, 'text': 'identity of the sender and receiver and the authorized port numbers allowed to use the information transmitted.', 'start': 3069.747, 'duration': 7.222}, {'end': 3078.949, 'text': 'kind of Internet service being used.', 'start': 3076.969, 'duration': 1.98}, {'end': 3085.891, 'text': 'These information is used to prevent certain packets from being sent between the network and the Internet.', 'start': 3079.789, 'duration': 6.102}, {'end': 3094.493, 'text': 'The common attacks against packet filtering are IP spoofing, source routing specification, and miniature fragment attack.', 'start': 3086.911, 'duration': 7.582}, {'end': 3097.314, 'text': 'This method is simple and stable.', 'start': 3095.273, 'duration': 2.041}, {'end': 3102.518, 'text': 'The demerit is that it is easily weakened by improperly configured filters.', 'start': 3097.915, 'duration': 4.603}, {'end': 3107.141, 'text': 'Also, it is unable to prevent attacks tunneled over permitted surface.', 'start': 3103.258, 'duration': 3.883}, {'end': 3111.183, 'text': 'The diagram in the slide describes this type of firewall.', 'start': 3107.981, 'duration': 3.202}, {'end': 3114.726, 'text': 'Application Firewall Systems.', 'start': 3111.984, 'duration': 2.742}, {'end': 3122.991, 'text': 'This type of firewall allows information flow between internal and external systems, but do not allow direct exchange of packets.', 'start': 3114.726, 'duration': 8.265}, {'end': 3128.158, 'text': 'Host applications must be secured against threats posed by allowed packets.', 'start': 3123.695, 'duration': 4.463}, {'end': 3131.16, 'text': 'They rest on hardened operating systems.', 'start': 3128.839, 'duration': 2.321}, {'end': 3134.182, 'text': 'For example, WinNT, Unix.', 'start': 3131.741, 'duration': 2.441}, {'end': 3137.885, 'text': 'It works on the application layer of the OSI model.', 'start': 3134.823, 'duration': 3.062}, {'end': 3143.409, 'text': 'The firewall analyzes packets through a series of proxies, one for each surface.', 'start': 3138.566, 'duration': 4.843}, {'end': 3148.893, 'text': 'There are two types, application-level firewalls and circuit-level firewalls.', 'start': 3144.23, 'duration': 4.663}, {'end': 3155.898, 'text': 'Application level firewalls analyze packets through a series of proxies, one for each service.', 'start': 3149.753, 'duration': 6.145}, {'end': 3162.903, 'text': 'Circuit level firewalls validates TCP and UDP sessions through a single general purpose proxy.', 'start': 3156.898, 'duration': 6.005}, {'end': 3166.005, 'text': 'The diagram in the slide demonstrates this.', 'start': 3163.543, 'duration': 2.462}], 'summary': 'Firewalls include router packet filtering, application firewall systems, and stateful inspection firewalls for traffic control and network security.', 'duration': 154.488, 'max_score': 3011.517, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg3011517.jpg'}, {'end': 3369.997, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 3344.059, 'weight': 3, 'content': [{'end': 3348.203, 'text': 'This mode utilizes two packet filtering routers and a bastion host.', 'start': 3344.059, 'duration': 4.144}, {'end': 3354.048, 'text': 'It is the most secure firewall system and supports network and application level security.', 'start': 3348.783, 'duration': 5.265}, {'end': 3361.314, 'text': 'The separate DMZ functions are an isolated network for public servers, proxy servers and modem pools.', 'start': 3354.689, 'duration': 6.625}, {'end': 3366.239, 'text': 'Key benefits are that the intruder must penetrate three separate devices.', 'start': 3362.095, 'duration': 4.144}, {'end': 3369.997, 'text': 'the private network addresses are not disclosed to the Internet.', 'start': 3366.874, 'duration': 3.123}], 'summary': 'Utilizes 2 packet filtering routers and a bastion host for maximum security, with separate dmz functions and the need to penetrate 3 separate devices to access private network.', 'duration': 25.938, 'max_score': 3344.059, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg3344059.jpg'}, {'end': 3423.144, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 3389.852, 'weight': 4, 'content': [{'end': 3395.597, 'text': 'It continuously operates in the background, and the administrator is alerted when intrusions are detected.', 'start': 3389.852, 'duration': 5.745}, {'end': 3399.628, 'text': 'It protects against external and internal misuse.', 'start': 3396.326, 'duration': 3.302}, {'end': 3407.534, 'text': 'IDS Components Sensor This collects data, network packets, log files, system call traces.', 'start': 3400.629, 'duration': 6.905}, {'end': 3413.498, 'text': 'Analyzer This receives input from sensors and determines intrusive activity.', 'start': 3408.294, 'duration': 5.204}, {'end': 3423.144, 'text': 'Admin Console User Interface Let us continue discussing about Intrusion Detection Systems, IDS, in the next screen.', 'start': 3414.298, 'duration': 8.846}], 'summary': 'Ids operates in the background, alerts admin on intrusions, and protects against external and internal misuse.', 'duration': 33.292, 'max_score': 3389.852, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg3389852.jpg'}], 'start': 2517.871, 'title': 'Virtualization risks and network security controls', 'summary': 'Discusses the risks and controls associated with virtualized systems, highlighting opportunities, advantages, and disadvantages, along with the importance of network security controls, including perimeter security controls like firewalls and ids, and the implementation methods and various systems in network security.', 'chapters': [{'end': 2633.584, 'start': 2517.871, 'title': 'Virtualization risks and controls', 'summary': 'Discusses the risks and controls associated with virtualized systems, highlighting the opportunities, advantages, and disadvantages of virtualization, the need for considering applicable risks, and the additional risks introduced by virtualization, particularly the single point of failure represented by the host.', 'duration': 115.713, 'highlights': ['Virtualization provides an organization with a significant opportunity to increase efficiency and decrease costs in its IT operations.', 'The IS auditor needs to consider whether the enterprise has considered the applicable risks in its decision to adopt, implement, and maintain this technology.', 'A management console often provides administrative access to manage the virtualized system.', 'Virtualization introduces additional risks that the enterprise must manage effectively, with the key risk being that the host represents a single point of failure within the system.']}, {'end': 3102.518, 'start': 2634.444, 'title': 'Network security controls', 'summary': 'Discusses the importance of network security controls, including the use of perimeter security controls like firewalls and ids to prevent and detect attacks, as well as the auditing and management of network infrastructure and remote access. it also covers the application and evaluation of network and internet security devices, protocols, and techniques, emphasizing the understanding of cryptographic systems and the functions of various security solutions. additionally, it delves into the concept of firewalls, including their guiding principle, general features, functions, and techniques, as well as the types of firewalls such as router packet filtering, application firewall systems, and stateful inspection firewalls.', 'duration': 468.074, 'highlights': ['The chapter discusses the importance of network security controls, including the use of perimeter security controls like firewalls and IDS to prevent and detect attacks. Enterprises can effectively prevent and detect most attacks on their networks by employing perimeter security controls. Firewalls and Intrusion Detection System, IDS, provide protection and critical alert information at borders between trusted and untrusted networks.', 'The application and evaluation of network and internet security devices, protocols, and techniques are emphasized, emphasizing the understanding of cryptographic systems and the functions of various security solutions. An organization implements specific applications of cryptographic systems to ensure confidentiality of important data. Solutions include firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention devices, proxy devices, web filters, antivirus and antispam filters, data leak protection, functionality, identity and access control mechanisms, secured remote access and wireless security.', 'The chapter also delves into the concept of firewalls, including their guiding principle, general features, functions, and techniques, as well as the types of firewalls such as router packet filtering, application firewall systems, and stateful inspection firewalls. Firewall is a security perimeter for corporate networks connecting to the Internet, aimed at preventing external intruders and untrusted internal users internal hackers. General firewall features include combination of hardware, routers, servers, and software. The types of firewalls are router packet filtering, application firewall systems, and stateful inspection firewalls.', 'The chapter also covers the auditing and management of network infrastructure and remote access. Review network diagrams to identify networking infrastructure and network design. Also review network management, policies, procedures, standards, guidance distributed to staff. Besides, identify responsibility for security and operation and review staff training, duties, and responsibilities. Auditing remote access involves Identify all remote access facilities, ensuring they have been documented.']}, {'end': 3605.241, 'start': 3103.258, 'title': 'Firewall systems and implementation', 'summary': 'Discusses application firewall systems, stateful inspection firewalls, implementation methods including screened host firewall, dual homed firewall, and demilitarized zone, intrusion detection systems, intrusion prevention systems, and honeypots and honeynets in network security.', 'duration': 501.983, 'highlights': ['Demilitarized zone (DMZ) is the most secure firewall system and supports network and application level security. The demilitarized zone (DMZ) is the most secure firewall system that provides both network and application level security, and key benefits include the need for intruders to penetrate three separate devices.', 'Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) monitor network usage anomalies and are used together with firewalls and routers. Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) monitor network usage anomalies, continuously operate in the background, and protect against external and internal misuse, alerting administrators when intrusions are detected.', 'Stateful inspection firewalls track destination and source IP addresses and prevent attacks initiated and originated by outsiders, being more efficient than application firewall systems. Stateful inspection firewalls track destination and source IP addresses, preventing attacks initiated and originated by outsiders, and are more efficient than application firewall systems, although more complex to administer.', 'Application firewall systems employ bastion hosting and are heavily fortified against threats, making security maintenance easier and protecting the network if the firewall is compromised. Application firewall systems employ bastion hosting, are heavily fortified against threats, and make security maintenance easier by protecting the network if the firewall is compromised.', "Honeypots and honeynets are used as decoy systems to lure hackers and gain valuable insight into their activities. Honeypots and honeynets are used as decoy systems to lure hackers and gain valuable insight into their activities, with honeynets allowing investigators to monitor hackers' actions."]}], 'duration': 1087.37, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg2517871.jpg', 'highlights': ['Virtualization provides an organization with a significant opportunity to increase efficiency and decrease costs in its IT operations.', 'The IS auditor needs to consider whether the enterprise has considered the applicable risks in its decision to adopt, implement, and maintain this technology.', 'The chapter discusses the importance of network security controls, including the use of perimeter security controls like firewalls and IDS to prevent and detect attacks.', 'The demilitarized zone (DMZ) is the most secure firewall system that provides both network and application level security, and key benefits include the need for intruders to penetrate three separate devices.', 'Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) monitor network usage anomalies, continuously operate in the background, and protect against external and internal misuse, alerting administrators when intrusions are detected.']}, {'end': 4532.061, 'segs': [{'end': 3658.884, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 3630.596, 'weight': 1, 'content': [{'end': 3637.842, 'text': 'Several attack techniques exploit those vulnerabilities and may originate either within or outside the organization.', 'start': 3630.596, 'duration': 7.246}, {'end': 3648.34, 'text': 'Computer attacks can result in proprietary or confidential data being stolen or modified, loss of customer confidence and market share,', 'start': 3638.717, 'duration': 9.623}, {'end': 3652.342, 'text': 'embarrassment to management and legal actions against an organization.', 'start': 3648.34, 'duration': 4.002}, {'end': 3658.884, 'text': 'Let us continue discussing about information system attack methods and techniques in the next screen.', 'start': 3653.282, 'duration': 5.602}], 'summary': 'Various attack techniques can lead to data theft, loss of customer confidence, and legal actions.', 'duration': 28.288, 'max_score': 3630.596, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg3630596.jpg'}, {'end': 3723.389, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 3672.598, 'weight': 0, 'content': [{'end': 3681.746, 'text': 'The IS auditor should understand enough of these attack types to recognize their risks to the business and how they should be addressed by appropriate controls.', 'start': 3672.598, 'duration': 9.148}, {'end': 3690.69, 'text': 'The IS auditor should understand the concept of social engineering, since these attacks can circumvent the strongest technical security.', 'start': 3682.607, 'duration': 8.083}, {'end': 3694.851, 'text': 'The only effective control is regular user education.', 'start': 3691.45, 'duration': 3.401}, {'end': 3704.293, 'text': 'Main areas covered here are computer crime issues and exposures, wireless security threats and risks mitigation.', 'start': 3695.751, 'duration': 8.542}, {'end': 3710.375, 'text': 'In the next few screens, we will discuss about computer crime issues and exposures.', 'start': 3705.234, 'duration': 5.141}, {'end': 3717.326, 'text': 'Computer crimes can be committed from various sources, including computer is the object of the crime.', 'start': 3711.223, 'duration': 6.103}, {'end': 3720.808, 'text': 'Perpetrator uses another computer to launch an attack.', 'start': 3717.867, 'duration': 2.941}, {'end': 3723.389, 'text': 'Computer is the subject of the crime.', 'start': 3721.588, 'duration': 1.801}], 'summary': 'Is auditors need to understand attack types, social engineering, and the importance of regular user education in addressing security risks.', 'duration': 50.791, 'max_score': 3672.598, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg3672598.jpg'}, {'end': 3778.319, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 3749.814, 'weight': 4, 'content': [{'end': 3762.461, 'text': 'Common attack methods and techniques include alteration attack botnets, brute force attack, denial of service, DOS attack, dial-in penetration attack,', 'start': 3749.814, 'duration': 12.647}, {'end': 3767.804, 'text': 'war dialing, eavesdropping, email bombing and spamming, email spoofing.', 'start': 3762.461, 'duration': 5.343}, {'end': 3778.319, 'text': 'More common attack methods and techniques include flooding, interrupt attack, malicious codes, man-in-the-middle attack,', 'start': 3768.735, 'duration': 9.584}], 'summary': 'Common attack methods include alteration, brute force, dos, flooding, email bombing, and more.', 'duration': 28.505, 'max_score': 3749.814, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg3749814.jpg'}, {'end': 3871.2, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 3813.208, 'weight': 5, 'content': [{'end': 3818.072, 'text': 'In the next few screens, we will learn about Local Area Network security.', 'start': 3813.208, 'duration': 4.864}, {'end': 3821.715, 'text': 'Local Area Network is faced with a lot of risks.', 'start': 3818.953, 'duration': 2.762}, {'end': 3829.378, 'text': 'Examples of these risks are Unauthorized access and changes to data and or programs.', 'start': 3822.295, 'duration': 7.083}, {'end': 3832.7, 'text': 'Inability to maintain version control.', 'start': 3829.378, 'duration': 3.322}, {'end': 3837.404, 'text': 'Limited user verification and potential public access.', 'start': 3832.7, 'duration': 4.704}, {'end': 3841.687, 'text': 'General access as opposed to need-to-know access.', 'start': 3837.404, 'duration': 4.283}, {'end': 3846.271, 'text': 'Impersonation or masquerading as a legitimate LAN user.', 'start': 3841.687, 'duration': 4.584}, {'end': 3849.934, 'text': 'Internal user sniffing Internal user.', 'start': 3846.271, 'duration': 3.663}, {'end': 3853.095, 'text': 'spoofing virus infection.', 'start': 3849.934, 'duration': 3.161}, {'end': 3857.196, 'text': 'unlicensed or excessive numbers of software copies.', 'start': 3853.095, 'duration': 4.101}, {'end': 3860.397, 'text': 'destruction of logging and auditing data.', 'start': 3857.196, 'duration': 3.201}, {'end': 3862.838, 'text': 'lack of LAN administrator experience.', 'start': 3860.397, 'duration': 2.441}, {'end': 3867.159, 'text': 'expertise. varying media protocol hardware.', 'start': 3862.838, 'duration': 4.321}, {'end': 3871.2, 'text': 'network software that makes standard management difficult.', 'start': 3867.159, 'duration': 4.041}], 'summary': 'Local area network security faces various risks, including unauthorized access, limited user verification, and virus infection.', 'duration': 57.992, 'max_score': 3813.208, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg3813208.jpg'}, {'end': 3944.417, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 3916.753, 'weight': 7, 'content': [{'end': 3926.239, 'text': 'Dial-up access controls are having encrypted passwords, portable PCs, dial-back procedures, and one-time password generators or tokens.', 'start': 3916.753, 'duration': 9.486}, {'end': 3927.8, 'text': 'Client server.', 'start': 3926.939, 'duration': 0.861}, {'end': 3932.142, 'text': 'risks include numerous access routes and points.', 'start': 3927.8, 'duration': 4.342}, {'end': 3935.284, 'text': 'increased risk of access to data and processing.', 'start': 3932.142, 'duration': 3.142}, {'end': 3937.751, 'text': 'Weaker access controls.', 'start': 3935.97, 'duration': 1.781}, {'end': 3941.154, 'text': 'password change controls or access rules.', 'start': 3937.751, 'duration': 3.403}, {'end': 3944.417, 'text': 'Weaker change control and change management.', 'start': 3941.154, 'duration': 3.263}], 'summary': 'Dial-up access controls include encrypted passwords, portable pcs, and one-time password generators, leading to increased risk of access to data and processing.', 'duration': 27.664, 'max_score': 3916.753, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg3916753.jpg'}, {'end': 4022.439, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 3996.809, 'weight': 8, 'content': [{'end': 4006.114, 'text': 'The Internet is a global TCP IP-based system that enables public and private heterogeneous networks to communicate with one another.', 'start': 3996.809, 'duration': 9.305}, {'end': 4014.614, 'text': 'Internet. threats are categorized into passive attacks involves probing for network information.', 'start': 4007.19, 'duration': 7.424}, {'end': 4022.439, 'text': 'active attacks, intrusion or penetration into a network gaining full control or enough to cause certain threats.', 'start': 4014.614, 'duration': 7.825}], 'summary': 'The internet enables global communication among public and private networks. it faces passive and active attacks.', 'duration': 25.63, 'max_score': 3996.809, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg3996809.jpg'}, {'end': 4234.466, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 4209.119, 'weight': 9, 'content': [{'end': 4214.48, 'text': 'logic bombs, similar to computer viruses but do not self replicate.', 'start': 4209.119, 'duration': 5.361}, {'end': 4219.682, 'text': 'destruction or modification of data is programmed to a specific time in the future.', 'start': 4214.48, 'duration': 5.202}, {'end': 4223.323, 'text': 'difficult to detect before they blow up.', 'start': 4219.682, 'duration': 3.641}, {'end': 4227.284, 'text': 'trap doors are exits out of an authorized program.', 'start': 4223.323, 'duration': 3.961}, {'end': 4234.466, 'text': 'they allow insertion of specific logic, such as program interrupts to permit a view of data during processing,', 'start': 4227.284, 'duration': 7.182}], 'summary': 'Logic bombs are programmed to destroy or modify data at a specific time, difficult to detect before activation.', 'duration': 25.347, 'max_score': 4209.119, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg4209119.jpg'}, {'end': 4394.307, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 4351.261, 'weight': 10, 'content': [{'end': 4361.247, 'text': 'Computer viruses and other malware continue to emerge at increasing rates and sophistication and present significant threats to individuals and organizations.', 'start': 4351.261, 'duration': 9.986}, {'end': 4371.014, 'text': 'Layered tools should be implemented and distributed throughout the environment in order to mitigate the ability of this malware to adversely impact the organization.', 'start': 4362.148, 'duration': 8.866}, {'end': 4382.162, 'text': "Antivirus and anti-spam software is a necessary and critical component of an organization's security program, providing a mechanism to detect,", 'start': 4372.017, 'duration': 10.145}, {'end': 4385.804, 'text': 'contain and notify whenever malicious code is detected.', 'start': 4382.162, 'duration': 3.642}, {'end': 4394.307, 'text': 'It is essential that the IS auditor understand not only the need for the implementation of anti-malware software,', 'start': 4386.664, 'duration': 7.643}], 'summary': 'Rising malware threats require layered tools for detection and containment.', 'duration': 43.046, 'max_score': 4351.261, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg4351261.jpg'}, {'end': 4502.3, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 4421.519, 'weight': 12, 'content': [{'end': 4426.462, 'text': 'They are easily transmitted via the Internet, email attachments, local area networks.', 'start': 4421.519, 'duration': 4.943}, {'end': 4429.204, 'text': 'Viruses attack four parts of the computer.', 'start': 4426.882, 'duration': 2.322}, {'end': 4436.308, 'text': "Executable program files, the file directory system, which tracks the location of all the computer's files.", 'start': 4429.704, 'duration': 6.604}, {'end': 4441.691, 'text': 'Another area is boot and systems areas, which are needed to start the computer.', 'start': 4436.989, 'duration': 4.702}, {'end': 4445.234, 'text': 'Data files is also a target for viruses.', 'start': 4442.452, 'duration': 2.782}, {'end': 4450.448, 'text': 'Virus controls available are virus and worm controls.', 'start': 4446.164, 'duration': 4.284}, {'end': 4454.531, 'text': 'management, procedural controls, technical controls.', 'start': 4450.448, 'duration': 4.083}, {'end': 4458.954, 'text': 'antivirus software, periodically updated hardware controls.', 'start': 4454.531, 'duration': 4.423}, {'end': 4461.977, 'text': 'remote booting, boot virus protection.', 'start': 4458.954, 'duration': 3.023}, {'end': 4465.68, 'text': 'antivirus software implementation strategies.', 'start': 4461.977, 'duration': 3.703}, {'end': 4470.824, 'text': 'dynamic antivirus program, sound policies and procedures.', 'start': 4465.68, 'duration': 5.144}, {'end': 4475.167, 'text': 'Let us continue to discuss viruses on the next slide.', 'start': 4471.765, 'duration': 3.402}, {'end': 4483.312, 'text': 'Antivirus Software Implementation Strategies Detecting the virus at its point of entry is crucial.', 'start': 4476.169, 'duration': 7.143}, {'end': 4489.034, 'text': 'At user workstation level through scheduled, continuous, and manual on-demand scans.', 'start': 4484.032, 'duration': 5.002}, {'end': 4498.118, 'text': 'At corporate network level as part of the firewall, virus wall, SMTP, HTTP, and FTP protection.', 'start': 4489.835, 'duration': 8.283}, {'end': 4502.3, 'text': 'Besides automatically updating antivirus software.', 'start': 4498.738, 'duration': 3.562}], 'summary': 'Viruses target computer parts, controlled by antivirus software with various strategies.', 'duration': 80.781, 'max_score': 4421.519, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg4421519.jpg'}], 'start': 3605.261, 'title': 'Network security threats', 'summary': 'Covers information system attack methods, lan security risks and mitigation, dial-up access and internet threats, and virus detection and control techniques. it discusses vulnerabilities, risks, impacts, common attack methods, network security risks, dial-up access controls, and virus detection techniques, emphasizing the importance of understanding attack types and social engineering in addressing business risks, and the impact of computer viruses and malware.', 'chapters': [{'end': 3749.034, 'start': 3605.261, 'title': 'Information system attack methods', 'summary': 'Covers information system attack methods and techniques, including vulnerabilities, risks, and impacts, as well as the importance of understanding attack types and social engineering in addressing business risks.', 'duration': 143.773, 'highlights': ['Understanding the methods, techniques and exploits used to compromise an environment provides the IS auditor with a more complete context for understanding the risks an organization faces.', 'Computer attacks can result in proprietary or confidential data being stolen or modified, loss of customer confidence and market share, embarrassment to management and legal actions against an organization.', 'The IS auditor should understand enough of these attack types to recognize their risks to the business and how they should be addressed by appropriate controls.', 'The chapter also discusses computer crime issues and exposures, including various sources of computer crimes and the methods used by perpetrators.']}, {'end': 3915.592, 'start': 3749.814, 'title': 'Lan security risks and mitigation', 'summary': 'Discusses common attack methods and techniques in network security, such as alteration attack, brute force attack, denial of service, and unauthorized access, with a focus on the risks faced by local area networks including unauthorized access, version control, limited user verification, and impersonation.', 'duration': 165.778, 'highlights': ['Common attack methods and techniques include alteration attack botnets, brute force attack, denial of service, DOS attack, dial-in penetration attack, war dialing, eavesdropping, email bombing and spamming, email spoofing. These encompass a wide array of attack methods, including brute force attacks and email spoofing, which can pose significant risks to network security.', 'Local Area Network is faced with a lot of risks. Examples of these risks are Unauthorized access and changes to data and or programs. Inability to maintain version control. Limited user verification and potential public access. The risks faced by LANs include unauthorized access, challenges in maintaining version control, and limited user verification, which can lead to potential public access.', 'Impersonation or masquerading as a legitimate LAN user. Internal user sniffing Internal user. spoofing virus infection. unlicensed or excessive numbers of software copies. destruction of logging and auditing data. lack of LAN administrator experience. expertise. Risks such as impersonation, virus infections, and lack of experienced LAN administrators can compromise the security of Local Area Networks.']}, {'end': 4325.805, 'start': 3916.753, 'title': 'Dial-up access and internet threats', 'summary': 'Covers dial-up access controls, client server risks, and internet threats like passive and active attacks, targeting data and systems with potential financial, legal, or competitive impact.', 'duration': 409.052, 'highlights': ['Dial-up access controls include encrypted passwords, portable PCs, and one-time password generators or tokens, aiming to ensure security. These controls aim to ensure security by using encrypted passwords, portable PCs, and one-time password generators or tokens.', 'Internet threats encompass passive and active attacks, including probing for network information, unauthorized access to modified data or programs, and denial of service with potential financial, legal, or competitive impact. Internet threats include passive and active attacks, such as unauthorized access to modified data or programs, with potential financial, legal, or competitive impact.', 'Types of passive attacks involve network analysis, footprinting, internal addresses, potential gateways, and eavesdropping, impacting network security infrastructure. Passive attacks encompass network analysis, footprinting, internal addresses, potential gateways, and eavesdropping, impacting network security infrastructure.', 'Active attacks include brute force attacks, masquerading, packet replay, message modification, and unauthorized access through the Internet, posing significant security risks. Active attacks include brute force attacks, masquerading, packet replay, message modification, and unauthorized access through the Internet, posing significant security risks.', 'Malicious program code includes Trojan horses, salami technique, logic bombs, destructive programs, and trap doors, impacting data integrity and system security. Malicious program code encompasses Trojan horses, salami technique, logic bombs, destructive programs, and trap doors, impacting data integrity and system security.']}, {'end': 4532.061, 'start': 4326.886, 'title': 'Virus detection and control techniques', 'summary': 'Discusses virus detection and control techniques, emphasizing the importance of antivirus software implementation strategies, the impact of computer viruses and malware, and the key areas and controls for virus protection.', 'duration': 205.175, 'highlights': ['The impact of computer viruses and other malware continues to emerge at increasing rates and sophistication, presenting significant threats to individuals and organizations. Computer viruses and other malware present significant threats to individuals and organizations, emerging at increasing rates and sophistication.', "Antivirus and anti-spam software is a necessary and critical component of an organization's security program, providing a mechanism to detect, contain and notify whenever malicious code is detected. Antivirus and anti-spam software are critical components of an organization's security program, providing a mechanism to detect, contain, and notify whenever malicious code is detected.", 'Virus controls available are virus and worm controls, management, procedural controls, technical controls, antivirus software, periodically updated hardware controls, remote booting, boot virus protection, antivirus software implementation strategies, dynamic antivirus program, and sound policies and procedures. Virus controls include virus and worm controls, management, procedural controls, technical controls, antivirus software, periodically updated hardware controls, remote booting, boot virus protection, antivirus software implementation strategies, dynamic antivirus program, and sound policies and procedures.', 'Antivirus Software Implementation Strategies include detecting the virus at its point of entry, reliable and quality detection, memory resident to facilitate continuous checking, efficient working speed, and use of resources, and types of antivirus software such as scanners, virus masks or signatures, heuristic scanners, and active monitors. Antivirus Software Implementation Strategies involve detecting the virus at its point of entry, reliable and quality detection, memory resident for continuous checking, efficient working speed and resource usage, and different types of antivirus software such as scanners, virus masks or signatures, heuristic scanners, and active monitors.', 'Viruses are malicious programs designed to self-propagate by appending to other programs, easily transmitted via the Internet, email attachments, and local area networks, and attack four parts of the computer: executable program files, the file directory system, boot and systems areas, and data files. Viruses are malicious programs designed to self-propagate, easily transmitted, and attack four parts of the computer: executable program files, the file directory system, boot and systems areas, and data files.']}], 'duration': 926.8, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg3605261.jpg', 'highlights': ['Understanding attack types and social engineering is crucial for addressing business risks.', 'Computer attacks can result in data theft, loss of customer confidence, and legal actions.', 'Recognizing attack risks and addressing them with appropriate controls is essential for IS auditors.', 'The chapter discusses various sources of computer crimes and the methods used by perpetrators.', 'Common attack methods include alteration attack botnets, brute force attack, and email spoofing.', 'LAN risks include unauthorized access, challenges in maintaining version control, and limited user verification.', 'Impersonation, virus infections, and lack of experienced LAN administrators can compromise LAN security.', 'Dial-up access controls aim to ensure security using encrypted passwords and one-time password generators.', 'Internet threats encompass passive and active attacks, impacting network security infrastructure.', 'Malicious program code includes Trojan horses, logic bombs, and trap doors, impacting data integrity.', 'Computer viruses and other malware present significant threats to individuals and organizations.', "Antivirus and anti-spam software are critical components of an organization's security program.", 'Virus controls include management, procedural controls, technical controls, and antivirus software.', 'Antivirus Software Implementation Strategies involve reliable detection and efficient working speed.', 'Viruses are easily transmitted via the Internet, email attachments, and local area networks.']}, {'end': 5540.605, 'segs': [{'end': 4607.044, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 4584.615, 'weight': 0, 'content': [{'end': 4593.084, 'text': 'These tools permit identification of real-time risks to an information processing environment and corrective actions taken to mitigate these risks.', 'start': 4584.615, 'duration': 8.469}, {'end': 4602.273, 'text': 'Such risks often involve the failure to stay updated on patch management for operating systems or the misconfiguration of security settings.', 'start': 4593.924, 'duration': 8.349}, {'end': 4607.044, 'text': 'Assessment tools, whether open source or commercially produced,', 'start': 4603.061, 'duration': 3.983}], 'summary': 'Tools identify real-time risks, mitigate failures in patch management and security settings.', 'duration': 22.429, 'max_score': 4584.615, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg4584615.jpg'}, {'end': 4758.443, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 4730.199, 'weight': 2, 'content': [{'end': 4738.001, 'text': 'awareness training and periodic audits of data leakage are elements that the IS Auditor will want to ensure are in place.', 'start': 4730.199, 'duration': 7.802}, {'end': 4747.54, 'text': 'Main areas to be covered here are computer crime issues and exposures, Let us proceed to the next topic in this domain.', 'start': 4739.161, 'duration': 8.379}, {'end': 4752.901, 'text': 'In this topic, we will learn about the concepts in Knowledge Statement 5.12.', 'start': 4747.56, 'duration': 5.341}, {'end': 4758.443, 'text': 'Let us discuss about Network Infrastructure Security in the next few screens.', 'start': 4752.901, 'duration': 5.542}], 'summary': 'Is auditor ensures data leakage training and audits, covering computer crime and network security.', 'duration': 28.244, 'max_score': 4730.199, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg4730199.jpg'}, {'end': 4810.337, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 4780.445, 'weight': 6, 'content': [{'end': 4787.269, 'text': 'The non-existence of backdoors by which an encrypted file can be decrypted without knowing the key.', 'start': 4780.445, 'duration': 6.824}, {'end': 4795.994, 'text': 'The inability to decrypt an entire cipher text message, if one knows the way a portion of it decrypts, is known.', 'start': 4788.229, 'duration': 7.765}, {'end': 4798.555, 'text': 'This is called known text attack.', 'start': 4796.454, 'duration': 2.101}, {'end': 4802.933, 'text': 'properties of the plain text being known by a perpetrator.', 'start': 4799.551, 'duration': 3.382}, {'end': 4810.337, 'text': 'Although the IS auditor is not expected to be an expert in how these algorithms are designed,', 'start': 4803.894, 'duration': 6.443}], 'summary': 'Encryption without backdoors prevents unauthorized decryption. is auditor not expected to be algorithm design expert.', 'duration': 29.892, 'max_score': 4780.445, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg4780445.jpg'}, {'end': 4888.705, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 4834.814, 'weight': 3, 'content': [{'end': 4838.235, 'text': 'It is done via a mathematical function and a key.', 'start': 4834.814, 'duration': 3.421}, {'end': 4848.397, 'text': 'Encryption is used to protect data in transit over networks, protect information stored on computers,', 'start': 4838.235, 'duration': 10.162}, {'end': 4854.978, 'text': 'deter and detect alterations of data and verify authenticity of a transaction or document.', 'start': 4848.397, 'duration': 6.581}, {'end': 4860.976, 'text': 'Note, we assume that the more difficult it is to decrypt the ciphertext, the better.', 'start': 4855.794, 'duration': 5.182}, {'end': 4870.138, 'text': 'Key Elements of Encryption Systems Encryption Algorithm, Mathematical Function, Calculation, Encryption,', 'start': 4862.136, 'duration': 8.002}, {'end': 4874.92, 'text': 'Key Piece of information used in the algorithm to make the process unique.', 'start': 4870.138, 'duration': 4.782}, {'end': 4885.363, 'text': 'Key Length Predetermined Length of Key Effectiveness of encryption is based on Secrecy and difficulty of compromising the key.', 'start': 4875.64, 'duration': 9.723}, {'end': 4888.705, 'text': 'Lack of other means of decrypting without the key.', 'start': 4886.164, 'duration': 2.541}], 'summary': 'Encryption uses mathematical functions and keys to protect data in transit and stored on computers, emphasizing the importance of key length and secrecy for effectiveness.', 'duration': 53.891, 'max_score': 4834.814, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg4834814.jpg'}, {'end': 5135.889, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 5079.32, 'weight': 4, 'content': [{'end': 5086.462, 'text': "Public key cryptography ensures authentication and non-repudiation, encrypting with the sender's secret key.", 'start': 5079.32, 'duration': 7.142}, {'end': 5094.305, 'text': "Confidentiality encrypting with the receiver's public key, authentication and confidentiality,", 'start': 5087.203, 'duration': 7.102}, {'end': 5100.769, 'text': "first encrypting with the sender's secret key and secondly with the receiver's public key.", 'start': 5094.305, 'duration': 6.464}, {'end': 5107.253, 'text': 'let us learn the differences between symmetric key and public key in the next screen.', 'start': 5100.769, 'duration': 6.484}, {'end': 5111.835, 'text': 'in symmetric key encryption, the two parties must trust each other.', 'start': 5107.253, 'duration': 4.582}, {'end': 5113.717, 'text': 'typically both share the same key.', 'start': 5111.835, 'duration': 1.882}, {'end': 5119.795, 'text': 'Symmetric key encryption is generally 100 times faster than public key encryption.', 'start': 5114.611, 'duration': 5.184}, {'end': 5126.361, 'text': 'Examples include DES, IDEA, RC5, AES.', 'start': 5120.676, 'duration': 5.685}, {'end': 5131.285, 'text': 'In public key encryption, the two parties do not need to trust each other.', 'start': 5127.362, 'duration': 3.923}, {'end': 5135.889, 'text': 'There are two separate keys, a public key and a private key.', 'start': 5131.965, 'duration': 3.924}], 'summary': 'Public key encryption is slower but more secure than symmetric key encryption, with separate keys for trust and authentication.', 'duration': 56.569, 'max_score': 5079.32, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg5079320.jpg'}, {'end': 5191.347, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 5161.519, 'weight': 8, 'content': [{'end': 5169.866, 'text': 'Quantum Cryptography The next generation of cryptography that will solve existing problems associated with current cryptographic systems.', 'start': 5161.519, 'duration': 8.347}, {'end': 5180.622, 'text': 'Advanced Encryption Standard AES AES replaces data encryption standard DES as the cryptographic algorithm standard.', 'start': 5170.927, 'duration': 9.695}, {'end': 5188.746, 'text': 'Due to its short key length, the former standard for symmetric encryption, DES, reached the end of its life cycle.', 'start': 5181.382, 'duration': 7.364}, {'end': 5191.347, 'text': 'Digital signatures.', 'start': 5189.967, 'duration': 1.38}], 'summary': 'Quantum cryptography offers stronger security than des with longer key length.', 'duration': 29.828, 'max_score': 5161.519, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg5161519.jpg'}, {'end': 5343.781, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 5262.731, 'weight': 7, 'content': [{'end': 5268.693, 'text': 'which cannot be understood without converting back via decryption, the reverse process, to plaintext.', 'start': 5262.731, 'duration': 5.962}, {'end': 5273.274, 'text': 'PKIs use encryption to facilitate the following.', 'start': 5269.613, 'duration': 3.661}, {'end': 5279.396, 'text': 'Protect data in transit over networks from unauthorized interception and manipulation.', 'start': 5273.954, 'duration': 5.442}, {'end': 5284.717, 'text': 'Protect information stored on computers from unauthorized viewing and manipulation.', 'start': 5280.176, 'duration': 4.541}, {'end': 5289.739, 'text': 'Deter and detect accidental or intentional alterations of data.', 'start': 5285.078, 'duration': 4.661}, {'end': 5301.813, 'text': 'verify authenticity of a transaction or document, for example when transmitted over a web-based connection in online banking, share dealing, etc.', 'start': 5290.703, 'duration': 11.11}, {'end': 5306.477, 'text': 'protect data in such situations from unauthorized disclosure.', 'start': 5301.813, 'duration': 4.664}, {'end': 5311.521, 'text': 'understanding the business use of digital signatures is also expected,', 'start': 5306.477, 'duration': 5.044}, {'end': 5317.306, 'text': 'especially its use in providing non-repudiation of and replay protection to messages.', 'start': 5311.521, 'duration': 5.785}, {'end': 5324.276, 'text': 'Main areas covered here are Encryption Public Key Infrastructure.', 'start': 5318.055, 'duration': 6.221}, {'end': 5330.038, 'text': 'In the next few screens we will discuss about Public Key Infrastructure.', 'start': 5324.276, 'duration': 5.762}, {'end': 5338.28, 'text': 'Public Key Infrastructure framework, by which a trusted party issues, maintains and revokes public key certificates.', 'start': 5330.038, 'duration': 8.242}, {'end': 5343.781, 'text': 'PKI Reasons Many applications need key distribution.', 'start': 5339.06, 'duration': 4.721}], 'summary': 'Pkis use encryption to protect data in transit and stored on computers, verify authenticity, and deter alterations.', 'duration': 81.05, 'max_score': 5262.731, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg5262731.jpg'}, {'end': 5484.033, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 5394.461, 'weight': 13, 'content': [{'end': 5409.063, 'text': 'Elements of PKI include digital certificates Certificate Authority Registration Authority Certificate Revocation List.', 'start': 5394.461, 'duration': 14.602}, {'end': 5413.306, 'text': 'Certification Practice Statement.', 'start': 5409.063, 'duration': 4.243}, {'end': 5423.012, 'text': 'Digital Certificates Digital Credential Compromising A public key of an individual and identifying information about the individual.', 'start': 5413.306, 'duration': 9.706}, {'end': 5427.796, 'text': 'It is digitally signed by the trusted entity with its private key.', 'start': 5423.833, 'duration': 3.963}, {'end': 5432.331, 'text': 'Receiver relies on the public key of the trusted party.', 'start': 5428.789, 'duration': 3.542}, {'end': 5436.272, 'text': 'It also includes algorithm used and validity period.', 'start': 5432.991, 'duration': 3.281}, {'end': 5443.516, 'text': 'Certificate Authority Trusted provider of public and private key pairs.', 'start': 5437.493, 'duration': 6.023}, {'end': 5447.938, 'text': 'Attests to the authenticity of owner of public key.', 'start': 5444.316, 'duration': 3.622}, {'end': 5452.94, 'text': 'Uses due diligence to issue certificate on evidence or knowledge.', 'start': 5448.938, 'duration': 4.002}, {'end': 5459.69, 'text': 'Upon verification of the user, the CA signs the certificate using its private key.', 'start': 5453.846, 'duration': 5.844}, {'end': 5464.272, 'text': 'Responsible for managing the certificate throughout its life cycle.', 'start': 5460.55, 'duration': 3.722}, {'end': 5468.755, 'text': 'Authoritative for the name or key space it represents.', 'start': 5465.173, 'duration': 3.582}, {'end': 5476.259, 'text': 'Certificate Revocation List, CRL, details digital certificates that are no longer valid.', 'start': 5470.296, 'duration': 5.963}, {'end': 5480.322, 'text': 'It is used for checking continued validity of certificates.', 'start': 5476.92, 'duration': 3.402}, {'end': 5484.033, 'text': 'Time gaps between two updates are very critical.', 'start': 5481.092, 'duration': 2.941}], 'summary': 'Pki involves digital certificates, ca, ra, and crl. crl is critical for checking certificate validity.', 'duration': 89.572, 'max_score': 5394.461, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg5394461.jpg'}], 'start': 4533.044, 'title': 'Network security and encryption techniques', 'summary': 'Covers security testing techniques like intrusion testing and vulnerability scanning, emphasizing real-time risk identification, network infrastructure security concepts, cisa encryption techniques, quantum cryptography, and public key infrastructure. it discusses symmetric and asymmetric key encryption, algorithm strength, key management, advantages of public key cryptography, quantum cryptography, and elements of public key infrastructure like certificate authority, registration authority, and certificate revocation list.', 'chapters': [{'end': 4758.443, 'start': 4533.044, 'title': 'Security testing techniques & network infrastructure', 'summary': 'Covers security testing techniques including intrusion testing and vulnerability scanning, as well as network infrastructure security concepts, emphasizing the importance of tools for identifying real-time risks and vulnerabilities.', 'duration': 225.399, 'highlights': ['Tools permit identification of real-time risks to an information processing environment and corrective actions taken to mitigate these risks. Tools for assessing network infrastructure security allow real-time risk identification and mitigation, aiding in maintaining a secure information processing environment.', 'Assessment tools, whether open source or commercially produced, can quickly identify weaknesses that would have taken hundreds of hours to identify manually. Assessment tools, whether open source or commercially produced, provide efficient identification of weaknesses, saving hundreds of hours compared to manual identification.', 'Data leakage risks and controls, including data classification policies, security awareness training, and periodic audits, are emphasized as essential elements for IS Auditors to ensure are in place. Data leakage risks and controls, such as data classification policies, security awareness training, and periodic audits, are critical for IS Auditors to validate and enforce.']}, {'end': 5160.438, 'start': 4759.263, 'title': 'Cisa encryption techniques', 'summary': 'Discusses encryption techniques, including symmetric and asymmetric key encryption, with emphasis on the need for algorithm strength, key management, and the advantages of public key cryptography over symmetric key encryption.', 'duration': 401.175, 'highlights': ['The chapter discusses encryption techniques, including symmetric and asymmetric key encryption. It covers the main areas of encryption and the two main types - symmetric and asymmetric key encryption.', 'The need for algorithm strength, key management, and the advantages of public key cryptography over symmetric key encryption. The effectiveness of encryption systems depends on algorithm strength, key management, and the advantages of public key cryptography, which eliminates the necessity of distributing secret keys to large numbers of users.', 'Symmetric key encryption is generally 100 times faster than public key encryption. Symmetric key encryption is generally 100 times faster than public key encryption, and examples include DES, IDEA, RC5, and AES.', "Public key cryptography ensures authentication and non-repudiation. Public key cryptography ensures authentication and non-repudiation, and it encrypts with the sender's secret key and the receiver's public key.", 'The non-existence of backdoors by which an encrypted file can be decrypted without knowing the key. The non-existence of backdoors by which an encrypted file can be decrypted without knowing the key is essential for maintaining the confidentiality of information.']}, {'end': 5317.306, 'start': 5161.519, 'title': 'Quantum cryptography & digital signatures', 'summary': 'Discusses quantum cryptography, including the replacement of des with aes due to its short key length, and the use of digital signatures to ensure data integrity and identity verification.', 'duration': 155.787, 'highlights': ['Digital signatures ensures data integrity and identity verification, including server identity authentication, public key cryptography, non-repudiation, and replay protection.', 'AES replaces DES as the cryptographic algorithm standard due to its short key length.', 'Encryption is the process of converting plain text message into ciphertext, which protects data in transit and stored on computers from unauthorized access and manipulation.', 'Understanding the business use of digital signatures is expected, especially its use in providing non-repudiation and replay protection to messages.', 'PKIs use encryption to protect data in transit and stored on computers, as well as to verify the authenticity of transactions or documents.']}, {'end': 5540.605, 'start': 5318.055, 'title': 'Public key infrastructure overview', 'summary': 'Covers the framework and elements of public key infrastructure (pki), including the process, elements, and responsibilities of certificate authority, registration authority, and certificate revocation list. key points include reasons for pki, vulnerability of digital signatures, and the components of pki. it also emphasizes the significance of trust and the management of digital certificates.', 'duration': 222.55, 'highlights': ['Public Key Infrastructure framework, by which a trusted party issues, maintains and revokes public key certificates.', 'Distribution in PKI is done via a hierarchy of CAs, and the CA process involves real-world credential checks, key validation, and the signing of certificates to validate keys.', 'The elements of PKI include digital certificates, Certificate Authority, Registration Authority, Certificate Revocation List, and Certification Practice Statement, each serving specific purposes in ensuring the authenticity and trustworthiness of certificates.', 'Certificate Authority is a trusted provider of public and private key pairs, responsible for managing certificates throughout their life cycle and attesting to the authenticity of the key owner, emphasizing the critical role of trust and due diligence in issuing certificates.', 'Certificate Revocation List (CRL) details digital certificates that are no longer valid and plays a crucial role in checking the continued validity of certificates, emphasizing the importance of timely updates and the management of expired certificates.']}], 'duration': 1007.561, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg4533044.jpg', 'highlights': ['Tools for assessing network infrastructure security allow real-time risk identification and mitigation, aiding in maintaining a secure information processing environment.', 'Assessment tools, whether open source or commercially produced, provide efficient identification of weaknesses, saving hundreds of hours compared to manual identification.', 'Data leakage risks and controls, such as data classification policies, security awareness training, and periodic audits, are critical for IS Auditors to validate and enforce.', 'The effectiveness of encryption systems depends on algorithm strength, key management, and the advantages of public key cryptography, which eliminates the necessity of distributing secret keys to large numbers of users.', 'Symmetric key encryption is generally 100 times faster than public key encryption, and examples include DES, IDEA, RC5, and AES.', "Public key cryptography ensures authentication and non-repudiation, and it encrypts with the sender's secret key and the receiver's public key.", 'The non-existence of backdoors by which an encrypted file can be decrypted without knowing the key is essential for maintaining the confidentiality of information.', 'Digital signatures ensure data integrity and identity verification, including server identity authentication, public key cryptography, non-repudiation, and replay protection.', 'AES replaces DES as the cryptographic algorithm standard due to its short key length.', 'Encryption is the process of converting plain text message into ciphertext, which protects data in transit and stored on computers from unauthorized access and manipulation.', 'Understanding the business use of digital signatures is expected, especially its use in providing non-repudiation and replay protection to messages.', 'PKIs use encryption to protect data in transit and stored on computers, as well as to verify the authenticity of transactions or documents.', 'Public Key Infrastructure framework, by which a trusted party issues, maintains and revokes public key certificates.', 'The elements of PKI include digital certificates, Certificate Authority, Registration Authority, Certificate Revocation List, and Certification Practice Statement, each serving specific purposes in ensuring the authenticity and trustworthiness of certificates.', 'Certificate Authority is a trusted provider of public and private key pairs, responsible for managing certificates throughout their life cycle and attesting to the authenticity of the key owner, emphasizing the critical role of trust and due diligence in issuing certificates.', 'Certificate Revocation List (CRL) details digital certificates that are no longer valid and plays a crucial role in checking the continued validity of certificates, emphasizing the importance of timely updates and the management of expired certificates.']}, {'end': 6104.708, 'segs': [{'end': 5643.696, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 5610.689, 'weight': 0, 'content': [{'end': 5614.913, 'text': 'In peer-to-peer computing, no specific server to which a user connects.', 'start': 5610.689, 'duration': 4.224}, {'end': 5617.455, 'text': 'Generally, connection is between two peers.', 'start': 5615.333, 'duration': 2.122}, {'end': 5623.761, 'text': 'As a result, there are risks associated with peer-to-peer, which include no central server.', 'start': 5618.196, 'duration': 5.565}, {'end': 5628.926, 'text': 'Hence, the risks include virus-infected files can be directly shared with others.', 'start': 5624.242, 'duration': 4.684}, {'end': 5633.89, 'text': 'Trojans and spyware may be inadvertently copied across systems.', 'start': 5629.606, 'duration': 4.284}, {'end': 5643.696, 'text': 'Users may expose their IP addresses that could result in, for example, IP spoofing, traffic sniffing and other IP-based attacks.', 'start': 5634.771, 'duration': 8.925}], 'summary': 'Peer-to-peer computing poses risks such as direct file sharing of virus-infected files and exposure of ip addresses.', 'duration': 33.007, 'max_score': 5610.689, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg5610689.jpg'}, {'end': 5716.815, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 5687.842, 'weight': 1, 'content': [{'end': 5692.024, 'text': 'exchange of virus-infected files and other malicious codes.', 'start': 5687.842, 'duration': 4.182}, {'end': 5696.526, 'text': 'data leakage if the file is sent unmonitored over IM channels.', 'start': 5692.024, 'duration': 4.502}, {'end': 5702.788, 'text': 'exploitation of vulnerabilities if the public IM client software is not adequately patched.', 'start': 5696.526, 'duration': 6.262}, {'end': 5708.249, 'text': 'Controls Good IAM policy and user awareness required.', 'start': 5704.269, 'duration': 3.98}, {'end': 5712.912, 'text': 'Advisable to use internal IAM software instead of public software.', 'start': 5708.809, 'duration': 4.103}, {'end': 5716.815, 'text': 'Only enterprise employees should be allowed to connect.', 'start': 5713.693, 'duration': 3.122}], 'summary': 'Risks of virus-infected files and data leakage through public im channels, emphasizing the need for iam controls and user awareness.', 'duration': 28.973, 'max_score': 5687.842, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg5687842.jpg'}, {'end': 5777.108, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 5743.79, 'weight': 4, 'content': [{'end': 5747.513, 'text': 'Phishing, URL spoofing, cyberstalking.', 'start': 5743.79, 'duration': 3.723}, {'end': 5752.857, 'text': 'Controls Policies on what information can be shared on such sites.', 'start': 5748.234, 'duration': 4.623}, {'end': 5759.202, 'text': 'Education and awareness to staff on what information to share or not share on such sites.', 'start': 5753.458, 'duration': 5.744}, {'end': 5763.746, 'text': 'Also having a policy banning use of such sites in the office.', 'start': 5759.943, 'duration': 3.803}, {'end': 5768.744, 'text': 'Let us continue discussing social networking sites in the next screen.', 'start': 5764.622, 'duration': 4.122}, {'end': 5777.108, 'text': 'Example of an Incidence A hacker was able to gather information about names of friends and date of birth of an employee.', 'start': 5769.964, 'duration': 7.144}], 'summary': 'Addressed risks of phishing, url spoofing, and cyberstalking by implementing controls, policies, and staff education, with an example of a security incident involving unauthorized access to employee information.', 'duration': 33.318, 'max_score': 5743.79, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg5743790.jpg'}, {'end': 5840.667, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 5814.704, 'weight': 2, 'content': [{'end': 5822.13, 'text': "Portable and wireless devices present a new threat to an organization's information assets and must be properly controlled.", 'start': 5814.704, 'duration': 7.426}, {'end': 5827.335, 'text': 'Policies and procedures, as well as additional protection mechanisms,', 'start': 5822.811, 'duration': 4.524}, {'end': 5833.6, 'text': 'must be put into place to ensure that data are protected to a greater extent on portable devices,', 'start': 5827.335, 'duration': 6.265}, {'end': 5840.667, 'text': 'since such devices will most likely operate in environments where physical controls are lacking or non-existent.', 'start': 5833.6, 'duration': 7.067}], 'summary': 'Portable devices pose threat to info assets, require enhanced protection measures.', 'duration': 25.963, 'max_score': 5814.704, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg5814704.jpg'}, {'end': 6060.528, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 6030.373, 'weight': 3, 'content': [{'end': 6038.72, 'text': 'The risks associated with the use of VoIP are the need to protect two assets, the data and the voice, inherent poor security.', 'start': 6030.373, 'duration': 8.347}, {'end': 6045.246, 'text': 'The current Internet architecture does not provide the same physical wire security as the phone lines.', 'start': 6039.461, 'duration': 5.785}, {'end': 6060.528, 'text': 'Controls for securing VoIP is implementing security mechanisms such as those deployed in data networks to emulate the security level currently used by PSTN network users.', 'start': 6046.192, 'duration': 14.336}], 'summary': 'Voip presents security risks due to poor inherent security, requiring implementation of data network security measures.', 'duration': 30.155, 'max_score': 6030.373, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg6030373.jpg'}], 'start': 5540.605, 'title': 'Risks of modern technologies', 'summary': 'Discusses the risks and controls associated with peer-to-peer computing, instant messaging, web-based technologies, mobile, and wireless devices, highlighting new risks to the enterprise such as data leakage, virus-infected files, and exploitation of vulnerabilities. it emphasizes the need for policies, procedures, encryption, and strong authentication to protect data, and addresses security risks of voice communication technologies like voip and pbx.', 'chapters': [{'end': 5793.281, 'start': 5540.605, 'title': 'Risks of peer-to-peer computing, instant messaging, and web-based technologies', 'summary': 'Discusses the risks and controls associated with peer-to-peer computing, instant messaging, and web-based technologies, including the introduction of new risks to the enterprise, such as data leakage, virus-infected files, and exploitation of vulnerabilities.', 'duration': 252.676, 'highlights': ['The risks associated with peer-to-peer computing include virus-infected files being directly shared, trojans and spyware being copied across systems, potential IP-based attacks, and unauthorized access to sensitive data, requiring proper security policies and control measures.', 'The risks of instant messaging involve eavesdropping, exchange of virus-infected files and other malicious codes, data leakage, and exploitation of vulnerabilities if public IM client software is not adequately patched, emphasizing the need for good IAM policy, user awareness, and internal IAM software usage over public software.', 'The risks of social networking sites include uploading personal and private information, phishing, URL spoofing, and cyberstalking, requiring policies on information sharing, staff education and awareness, and banning use of such sites in the office as controls.', 'The example of an incidence highlights the real-world consequences of inadequate security measures, such as a hacker using gathered personal information to conduct email spoofing and fraudulent activities, showcasing the importance of robust security measures to prevent such incidents.']}, {'end': 6104.708, 'start': 5793.361, 'title': 'Risks of mobile and wireless devices', 'summary': 'Discusses the controls and risks associated with the use of mobile and wireless devices, emphasizing the need for policies, procedures, encryption, and strong authentication to protect data, as well as addressing the security risks of voice communication technologies like voip and pbx.', 'duration': 311.347, 'highlights': ['The need for policies, procedures, encryption, and strong authentication to protect data on portable and wireless devices. Emphasizes the importance of implementing security measures such as encryption and strong authentication to protect data on portable and wireless devices.', 'The risks associated with the use of VoIP, including the need to protect both data and voice, and the inherent poor security in the current Internet architecture. Highlights the risks associated with VoIP, emphasizing the need to protect both data and voice and the challenges posed by the current Internet architecture.', 'The difficulty to implement logical and physical security in a mobile environment for laptops, and the security measures such as encryption, regular backup of sensitive data, and theft response procedures. Addresses the challenges of implementing security for laptops in a mobile environment and outlines security measures including encryption, regular data backup, and theft response procedures.']}], 'duration': 564.103, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg5540605.jpg', 'highlights': ['The risks associated with peer-to-peer computing include virus-infected files being directly shared, trojans and spyware being copied across systems, potential IP-based attacks, and unauthorized access to sensitive data, requiring proper security policies and control measures.', 'The risks of instant messaging involve eavesdropping, exchange of virus-infected files and other malicious codes, data leakage, and exploitation of vulnerabilities if public IM client software is not adequately patched, emphasizing the need for good IAM policy, user awareness, and internal IAM software usage over public software.', 'The need for policies, procedures, encryption, and strong authentication to protect data on portable and wireless devices. Emphasizes the importance of implementing security measures such as encryption and strong authentication to protect data on portable and wireless devices.', 'The risks associated with the use of VoIP, including the need to protect both data and voice, and the inherent poor security in the current Internet architecture. Highlights the risks associated with VoIP, emphasizing the need to protect both data and voice and the challenges posed by the current Internet architecture.', 'The risks of social networking sites include uploading personal and private information, phishing, URL spoofing, and cyberstalking, requiring policies on information sharing, staff education and awareness, and banning use of such sites in the office as controls.']}, {'end': 7341.68, 'segs': [{'end': 6182.516, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 6105.849, 'weight': 0, 'content': [{'end': 6115.077, 'text': 'The risks associated with use of PBX are Theft of service and toll fraud, disclosure of information through eavesdropping,', 'start': 6105.849, 'duration': 9.228}, {'end': 6121.868, 'text': 'unauthorized access to resources, denial of service, traffic analysis, passive attack.', 'start': 6115.077, 'duration': 6.791}, {'end': 6126.144, 'text': 'You will now attempt a question to test what you have learned so far.', 'start': 6122.861, 'duration': 3.283}, {'end': 6131.649, 'text': 'In this topic, we will learn about the concepts in Knowledge Statement 5.17.', 'start': 6126.244, 'duration': 5.405}, {'end': 6136.053, 'text': 'Let us discuss about evidence preservation techniques in the next screen.', 'start': 6131.649, 'duration': 4.404}, {'end': 6144.821, 'text': 'CESA candidate must have a knowledge of the evidence, preservation techniques and processes followed in forensic investigations,', 'start': 6136.934, 'duration': 7.887}, {'end': 6148.044, 'text': 'for example IT process chain of custody.', 'start': 6144.821, 'duration': 3.223}, {'end': 6153.349, 'text': 'Audit conclusions should be supported by reliable and relevant evidence.', 'start': 6148.965, 'duration': 4.384}, {'end': 6157.593, 'text': 'Evidence is collected during the course of an audit follows a life cycle.', 'start': 6154.13, 'duration': 3.463}, {'end': 6163.439, 'text': 'The life cycle introduces collection, analysis, and preservation and destruction of evidence.', 'start': 6158.314, 'duration': 5.125}, {'end': 6174.189, 'text': 'The source of evidence should be reliable and qualified, that is, from an appropriate original source, rather than obtained as a comment or hearsay.', 'start': 6164.161, 'duration': 10.028}, {'end': 6182.516, 'text': 'Evidence should originate directly from a trusted source to help ensure objectivity in fraud investigations or legal proceedings.', 'start': 6175.01, 'duration': 7.506}], 'summary': 'Risks of pbx use: theft, fraud, unauthorized access. knowledge of evidence preservation in forensic investigations is crucial.', 'duration': 76.667, 'max_score': 6105.849, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg6105849.jpg'}, {'end': 6286.655, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 6258.731, 'weight': 3, 'content': [{'end': 6263.112, 'text': 'Computer forensics is the process of identifying, preserving,', 'start': 6258.731, 'duration': 4.381}, {'end': 6271.293, 'text': 'analyzing and presenting digital evidence in a manner that is legally acceptable in any legal proceedings, for example court.', 'start': 6263.112, 'duration': 8.181}, {'end': 6280.287, 'text': 'includes activities involving exploration and application of methods to gather, process, interpret, and use digital evidence.', 'start': 6272.276, 'duration': 8.011}, {'end': 6286.655, 'text': 'Loss of preservation of integrity of evidence means loss of value in legal proceedings.', 'start': 6281.108, 'duration': 5.547}], 'summary': 'Computer forensics involves identifying, preserving, and analyzing digital evidence for legal proceedings, with integrity being crucial for its value.', 'duration': 27.924, 'max_score': 6258.731, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg6258731.jpg'}, {'end': 6473.864, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 6441.98, 'weight': 5, 'content': [{'end': 6447.505, 'text': 'An important first step to data classification is discovery, inventory, and risk assessment.', 'start': 6441.98, 'duration': 5.525}, {'end': 6452.771, 'text': 'Once this is accomplished, data classification can then be put into use.', 'start': 6448.366, 'duration': 4.405}, {'end': 6464.3, 'text': 'By assigning classes or levels of sensitivity and criticality to information resources and establishing specific security rules for each class,', 'start': 6453.755, 'duration': 10.545}, {'end': 6473.864, 'text': 'enterprises can define the level of access controls and the retention time and destruction requirements that should be applied to each information asset.', 'start': 6464.3, 'duration': 9.564}], 'summary': 'Data classification involves discovery, inventory, and risk assessment, followed by assigning sensitivity levels and establishing security rules.', 'duration': 31.884, 'max_score': 6441.98, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg6441980.jpg'}, {'end': 6513.853, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 6488.218, 'weight': 6, 'content': [{'end': 6494.179, 'text': 'Data owner responsibilities should be clearly identified, documented, and implemented.', 'start': 6488.218, 'duration': 5.961}, {'end': 6501.481, 'text': 'Main areas to be covered here are inventory and classification of information assets.', 'start': 6495.4, 'duration': 6.081}, {'end': 6507.843, 'text': 'In the next screens, we will learn about inventory and classification of information assets.', 'start': 6502.341, 'duration': 5.502}, {'end': 6513.853, 'text': 'A detailed inventory of information assets is required for effective control.', 'start': 6509.031, 'duration': 4.822}], 'summary': 'Data owner responsibilities must be clearly identified and implemented, including inventory and classification of information assets.', 'duration': 25.635, 'max_score': 6488.218, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg6488218.jpg'}, {'end': 6563.312, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 6534.28, 'weight': 7, 'content': [{'end': 6552.29, 'text': 'asset group where the asset forms part of a larger IS owner designated custodian classification should be simple and employed during risk assessment by end-user managers and system admins.', 'start': 6534.28, 'duration': 18.01}, {'end': 6555.57, 'text': 'use ISO IEC 27001 2005.', 'start': 6552.29, 'duration': 3.28}, {'end': 6563.312, 'text': 'reduce risk and cost of over or under protection used to identify who has access to what.', 'start': 6555.57, 'duration': 7.742}], 'summary': 'Utilize iso iec 27001 2005 to simplify asset group classification and reduce risk and cost.', 'duration': 29.032, 'max_score': 6534.28, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg6534280.jpg'}, {'end': 6634.602, 'src': 'heatmap', 'start': 6534.28, 'weight': 8, 'content': [{'end': 6552.29, 'text': 'asset group where the asset forms part of a larger IS owner designated custodian classification should be simple and employed during risk assessment by end-user managers and system admins.', 'start': 6534.28, 'duration': 18.01}, {'end': 6555.57, 'text': 'use ISO IEC 27001 2005.', 'start': 6552.29, 'duration': 3.28}, {'end': 6563.312, 'text': 'reduce risk and cost of over or under protection used to identify who has access to what.', 'start': 6555.57, 'duration': 7.742}, {'end': 6576.092, 'text': 'who determines access rights and levels approvals required for access Classification done by differing degrees for data sensitivity and mission criticality of the business applications.', 'start': 6563.312, 'duration': 12.78}, {'end': 6583.179, 'text': 'Let us continue discussing inventory and classification of information assets in the next screen.', 'start': 6577.093, 'duration': 6.086}, {'end': 6593.668, 'text': 'Classification of Assets Information assets have varying degrees of sensitivity criticality which determine appropriate levels of control.', 'start': 6584.42, 'duration': 9.248}, {'end': 6602.035, 'text': 'Application database criticality classification, for example, mission critical, significant, moderate, or low.', 'start': 6594.628, 'duration': 7.407}, {'end': 6606.459, 'text': 'You will now attempt a question to test what you have learned so far.', 'start': 6602.996, 'duration': 3.463}, {'end': 6611.624, 'text': 'In this topic, we will learn about the concepts in Knowledge Statement 5.19.', 'start': 6606.519, 'duration': 5.105}, {'end': 6615.468, 'text': 'Let us discuss about physical access controls in the next screen.', 'start': 6611.624, 'duration': 3.844}, {'end': 6624.918, 'text': 'Candidates should know of physical access controls for the identification, authentication and restriction of users to authorized facilities.', 'start': 6616.394, 'duration': 8.524}, {'end': 6634.602, 'text': 'Physical security weaknesses can result in financial loss, legal repercussions, loss of credibility or loss of competitive edge.', 'start': 6625.798, 'duration': 8.804}], 'summary': 'Use iso iec 27001 2005 for asset classification, reducing risk and cost, determining access rights, and implementing physical access controls.', 'duration': 50.182, 'max_score': 6534.28, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg6534280.jpg'}, {'end': 6909.933, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 6882.301, 'weight': 12, 'content': [{'end': 6888.463, 'text': 'in the next few screens we will discuss about environmental exposures and controls.', 'start': 6882.301, 'duration': 6.162}, {'end': 6895.886, 'text': 'the environmental exposures include natural events lightning, storms, earthquakes, etc.', 'start': 6888.463, 'duration': 7.423}, {'end': 6899.067, 'text': 'power failures is of particular concern.', 'start': 6895.886, 'duration': 3.181}, {'end': 6909.933, 'text': 'total failure, blackouts, severely reduced voltage, brownouts, sags, spikes and surges, electromagnetic interference,', 'start': 6899.067, 'duration': 10.866}], 'summary': 'Discussion on environmental exposures: lightning, storms, earthquakes, power failures, and electromagnetic interference.', 'duration': 27.632, 'max_score': 6882.301, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg6882301.jpg'}, {'end': 7030.302, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 7002.576, 'weight': 13, 'content': [{'end': 7012.263, 'text': 'wiring placed in fire resistant panels and conduits prohibit eating, drinking and smoking within information processing facilities.', 'start': 7002.576, 'duration': 9.687}, {'end': 7025.82, 'text': 'documented and tested emergency evacuation plan Auditing environmental controls involve checking that systems work as specified and are inspected and tested at least once a year.', 'start': 7012.263, 'duration': 13.557}, {'end': 7030.302, 'text': 'placing and assigning responsibility to concerned persons.', 'start': 7025.82, 'duration': 4.482}], 'summary': 'Fire-resistant wiring and conduits installed in information processing facilities to prevent hazards. emergency evacuation plan documented, tested, and audited annually.', 'duration': 27.726, 'max_score': 7002.576, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg7002576.jpg'}, {'end': 7146.432, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 7078.159, 'weight': 14, 'content': [{'end': 7088.021, 'text': 'Management should define and implement procedures to prevent unauthorized access to or loss of sensitive information and software from computers,', 'start': 7078.159, 'duration': 9.862}, {'end': 7096.344, 'text': 'disks and other equipment or media when they are stored, transported or transmitted during processing, retrieval and output.', 'start': 7088.021, 'duration': 8.323}, {'end': 7109.968, 'text': 'The IS auditor should also understand the need for correct disposal of information and media in order to ensure that no unauthorized person gain access to the information by restoration or recreation.', 'start': 7097.284, 'duration': 12.684}, {'end': 7118.23, 'text': 'Thus, we will mainly discuss about storing, retrieving, transport, and disposing of confidential information assets.', 'start': 7110.728, 'duration': 7.502}, {'end': 7123.492, 'text': 'In the next slide, let us discuss about handling confidential information.', 'start': 7119.151, 'duration': 4.341}, {'end': 7125.845, 'text': 'storing, retrieving,', 'start': 7124.485, 'duration': 1.36}, {'end': 7135.328, 'text': 'transporting and disposing of confidential information need procedures to prevent access to or loss of sensitive information and software.', 'start': 7125.845, 'duration': 9.483}, {'end': 7146.432, 'text': 'further controls are required for backup files and databases, data banks, disposal of media previously used to hold confidential information.', 'start': 7135.328, 'duration': 11.104}], 'summary': 'Implement procedures to prevent unauthorized access to sensitive information during storage, transportation, and processing.', 'duration': 68.273, 'max_score': 7078.159, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg7078159.jpg'}, {'end': 7189.629, 'src': 'embed', 'start': 7166.496, 'weight': 18, 'content': [{'end': 7174.08, 'text': 'Preserving information during shipment or storage by keeping out of direct sunlight, keeping free of dust, keep free of liquids,', 'start': 7166.496, 'duration': 7.584}, {'end': 7179.563, 'text': 'minimize exposure to magnetic fields, radio equipment or any sources of vibration.', 'start': 7174.08, 'duration': 5.483}, {'end': 7185.527, 'text': 'Do not air transport in areas and at times of exposure to a strong magnetic storm.', 'start': 7180.284, 'duration': 5.243}, {'end': 7189.629, 'text': 'You will now attempt a question to test what you have learned so far.', 'start': 7186.367, 'duration': 3.262}], 'summary': 'Preserve info during shipment: avoid sunlight, dust, liquids, minimize exposure to magnetic fields, radio, vibration. avoid air transport during strong magnetic storms.', 'duration': 23.133, 'max_score': 7166.496, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg7166496.jpg'}], 'start': 6105.849, 'title': 'It security measures', 'summary': 'Discusses risks of pbx use, data classification standards, physical access controls, environmental protection devices, and handling confidential information. it emphasizes the importance of evidence preservation, data classification, physical access controls, environmental protection, and handling confidential information in it security.', 'chapters': [{'end': 6416.487, 'start': 6105.849, 'title': 'Risks of pbx use & evidence preservation', 'summary': 'Discusses the risks of pbx use, including theft of service and toll fraud, and emphasizes the importance of evidence preservation techniques in forensic investigations, such as the chain of custody process, with a focus on maintaining the integrity of evidence throughout its lifecycle.', 'duration': 310.638, 'highlights': ['The risks associated with use of PBX are theft of service and toll fraud, disclosure of information through eavesdropping, unauthorized access to resources, denial of service, traffic analysis, passive attack. The risks associated with PBX use include theft of service and toll fraud, unauthorized access to resources, and denial of service.', 'CESA candidate must have a knowledge of the evidence preservation techniques and processes followed in forensic investigations, for example IT process chain of custody. Audit conclusions should be supported by reliable and relevant evidence. CESA candidates need to understand evidence preservation techniques, such as the IT process chain of custody, and the importance of reliable and relevant evidence to support audit conclusions.', 'The life cycle introduces collection, analysis, and preservation and destruction of evidence. Evidence should originate directly from a trusted source to help ensure objectivity in fraud investigations or legal proceedings. The evidence lifecycle involves collection, analysis, preservation, and destruction, emphasizing the importance of obtaining evidence from a trusted source for objectivity in fraud investigations or legal proceedings.', 'Computer forensics is the process of identifying, preserving, analyzing, and presenting digital evidence in a manner that is legally acceptable in any legal proceedings, for example court. Computer forensics involves identifying, preserving, analyzing, and presenting digital evidence in a legally acceptable manner for legal proceedings.', 'Key Elements of Computer Forensics include data protection, data acquisition, imaging, extraction, interrogation, ingestion normalization, and reporting. Key elements of computer forensics encompass data protection, data acquisition, imaging, extraction, interrogation, ingestion normalization, and reporting.']}, {'end': 6611.624, 'start': 6416.487, 'title': 'Data classification standards', 'summary': 'Discusses data classification standards, emphasizing the importance of discovery, inventory, and risk assessment in data classification, and the need for clear identification of data owner responsibilities, while also highlighting the varying degrees of sensitivity and criticality in information assets, supported by iso iec 27001 2005.', 'duration': 195.137, 'highlights': ['Data is classified and protected according to the set degree, with the importance of discovery, inventory, and risk assessment in data classification. Data is classified and protected based on varying degrees of sensitivity and criticality, with an emphasis on the significant role of discovery, inventory, and risk assessment in the classification process.', 'The need for clear identification of data owner responsibilities and the interrelationship between data classification and inventorying information assets. Clear identification of data owner responsibilities is crucial, and there is an interrelationship between data classification and the need for inventorying information assets, emphasizing the importance of assigning responsibility to data owners.', 'The varying degrees of sensitivity and criticality in information assets, supported by ISO IEC 27001 2005. Information assets have varying degrees of sensitivity and criticality, with support from ISO IEC 27001 2005, emphasizing the need for reducing risk and cost of over or under protection and identifying who has access to what.', 'The classification of assets based on varying degrees of sensitivity and criticality, such as mission critical, significant, moderate, or low. Assets are classified based on varying degrees of sensitivity and criticality, including the classification of application database criticality as mission critical, significant, moderate, or low, highlighting the importance of appropriate control levels.']}, {'end': 6792.648, 'start': 6611.624, 'title': 'Physical access controls and exposures', 'summary': 'Covers the importance of physical access controls for protecting sensitive facilities and data, highlighting the potential risks and exposures associated with physical security weaknesses, and the measures to mitigate these risks. it emphasizes the use of various physical access controls such as door locks, biometric authentication, and security measures in high-security areas. the chapter also emphasizes the need for auditing physical access and evaluating general cleanliness and security documentation.', 'duration': 181.024, 'highlights': ['The chapter emphasizes the use of various physical access controls such as door locks, biometric authentication, and security measures in high-security areas. It discusses the use of access door locks, key tokens, biometric authentication, airlock type or man-trap entrances, and the concept of the security boundary for protecting sensitive areas. This highlights the importance of implementing diverse physical access controls for safeguarding facilities and data.', 'The chapter highlights the potential risks and exposures associated with physical security weaknesses, including financial loss, legal repercussions, loss of credibility, or loss of competitive edge. It mentions the consequences of physical security weaknesses, such as financial loss, legal repercussions, loss of credibility, or loss of competitive edge. This quantifies the potential impact of inadequate physical access controls, emphasizing the need for robust security measures.', 'The chapter emphasizes the need for auditing physical access and evaluating general cleanliness and security documentation. It emphasizes the importance of auditing physical access, visibly observing physical access controls, reviewing physical security documentation, and evaluating general cleanliness. This highlights the significance of regularly assessing and maintaining physical security measures to ensure effectiveness.']}, {'end': 7051.884, 'start': 6792.868, 'title': 'Environmental protection devices & practices', 'summary': 'Discusses environmental protection devices and supporting practices, including fire suppression systems, power continuity, and auditing environmental controls, emphasizing the need for regular testing and inspection to ensure functionality and effectiveness.', 'duration': 259.016, 'highlights': ['The IS auditor should understand the nature of environmental controls, including fire and smoke detectors, fire suppression systems, and water detectors, and ensure their sufficiency through periodic testing by management.', 'Environmental controls involve addressing natural events such as lightning, power failures, water damage, fire, terrorism, and environmental exposures like humidity and temperature, emphasizing the need for power continuity, surge protectors, and fire controls.', 'Auditing environmental controls involves checking that systems work as specified, are inspected and tested at least once a year, and having a fully documented and tested business continuity plan for disaster scenarios.']}, {'end': 7341.68, 'start': 7051.884, 'title': 'Handling confidential information', 'summary': 'Emphasizes the importance of processes and procedures for storing, retrieving, transporting, and disposing of confidential information assets and highlights the need for management to define and implement procedures to prevent unauthorized access to sensitive information.', 'duration': 289.796, 'highlights': ['The need for management to define and implement procedures to prevent unauthorized access to or loss of sensitive information and software from computers, disks, and other equipment or media is emphasized.', 'The importance of understanding the need for correct disposal of information and media to ensure that no unauthorized person gains access to the information by restoration or recreation is highlighted.', 'The chapter stresses the need for procedures to prevent access to or loss of sensitive information and software during storing, retrieving, and transporting of confidential information.', 'The need for controls for backup files, databases, data banks, and disposal of media previously used to hold confidential information is emphasized.', 'The importance of preserving information during shipment or storage by keeping it out of direct sunlight, free of dust and liquids, and minimizing exposure to magnetic fields, radio equipment, or sources of vibration is highlighted.']}], 'duration': 1235.831, 'thumbnail': 'https://coursnap.oss-ap-southeast-1.aliyuncs.com/video-capture/TUA9t-pOVlg/pics/TUA9t-pOVlg6105849.jpg', 'highlights': ['The risks associated with PBX use include theft of service, toll fraud, unauthorized access, and denial of service.', 'CESA candidates need to understand evidence preservation techniques and the importance of reliable and relevant evidence to support audit conclusions.', 'The evidence lifecycle involves collection, analysis, preservation, and destruction, emphasizing the importance of obtaining evidence from a trusted source for objectivity in fraud investigations or legal proceedings.', 'Computer forensics involves identifying, preserving, analyzing, and presenting digital evidence in a legally acceptable manner for legal proceedings.', 'Key elements of computer forensics encompass data protection, data acquisition, imaging, extraction, interrogation, ingestion normalization, and reporting.', 'Data is classified and protected based on varying degrees of sensitivity and criticality, with an emphasis on the significant role of discovery, inventory, and risk assessment in the classification process.', 'Clear identification of data owner responsibilities is crucial, and there is an interrelationship between data classification and the need for inventorying information assets.', 'Information assets have varying degrees of sensitivity and criticality, with support from ISO IEC 27001 2005, emphasizing the need for reducing risk and cost of over or under protection and identifying who has access to what.', 'Assets are classified based on varying degrees of sensitivity and criticality, including the classification of application database criticality as mission critical, significant, moderate, or low, highlighting the importance of appropriate control levels.', 'The chapter highlights the importance of implementing diverse physical access controls for safeguarding facilities and data.', 'The potential impact of inadequate physical access controls is quantified, emphasizing the need for robust security measures.', 'This highlights the significance of regularly assessing and maintaining physical security measures to ensure effectiveness.', 'Environmental controls involve addressing natural events such as lightning, power failures, water damage, fire, terrorism, and environmental exposures like humidity and temperature, emphasizing the need for power continuity, surge protectors, and fire controls.', 'Auditing environmental controls involves checking that systems work as specified, are inspected and tested at least once a year, and having a fully documented and tested business continuity plan for disaster scenarios.', 'The need for management to define and implement procedures to prevent unauthorized access to or loss of sensitive information and software from computers, disks, and other equipment or media is emphasized.', 'The importance of understanding the need for correct disposal of information and media to ensure that no unauthorized person gains access to the information by restoration or recreation is highlighted.', 'The chapter stresses the need for procedures to prevent access to or loss of sensitive information and software during storing, retrieving, and transporting of confidential information.', 'The need for controls for backup files, databases, data banks, and disposal of media previously used to hold confidential information is emphasized.', 'The importance of preserving information during shipment or storage by keeping it out of direct sunlight, free of dust and liquids, and minimizing exposure to magnetic fields, radio equipment, or sources of vibration is highlighted.']}], 'highlights': ["The chapter covers assurance of enterprise's security policies, standards, procedures, and controls to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information assets.", 'Various risks to business are outlined, including financial loss, electronic fraud, and potential legal repercussions.', 'Privacy impact assessment aims to identify personally identifiable information in business processes, document its use, and provide management with options to mitigate privacy risk, ensuring compliance with relevant regulations.', 'Incident handling and response roles involve various positions such as coordinators, directors, managers, security specialists, non-security technical specialists, and business unit leader liaisons.', 'Single sign-on (SSO) consolidates organization platform-based administration, authentication, and authorization functions, and interfaces with various systems such as client server, distributed systems, mainframe systems, and network security.', 'Virtualization provides an organization with a significant opportunity to increase efficiency and decrease costs in its IT operations.', 'Understanding attack types and social engineering is crucial for addressing business risks.', 'Tools for assessing network infrastructure security allow real-time risk identification and mitigation, aiding in maintaining a secure information processing environment.', 'The risks associated with peer-to-peer computing include virus-infected files being directly shared, trojans and spyware being copied across systems, potential IP-based attacks, and unauthorized access to sensitive data, requiring proper security policies and control measures.', 'The risks associated with PBX use include theft of service, toll fraud, unauthorized access, and denial of service.', 'Computer forensics involves identifying, preserving, analyzing, and presenting digital evidence in a legally acceptable manner for legal proceedings.', 'Assets are classified based on varying degrees of sensitivity and criticality, including the classification of application database criticality as mission critical, significant, moderate, or low, highlighting the importance of appropriate control levels.', 'Environmental controls involve addressing natural events such as lightning, power failures, water damage, fire, terrorism, and environmental exposures like humidity and temperature, emphasizing the need for power continuity, surge protectors, and fire controls.', 'The need for management to define and implement procedures to prevent unauthorized access to or loss of sensitive information and software from computers, disks, and other equipment or media is emphasized.', 'The importance of understanding the need for correct disposal of information and media to ensure that no unauthorized person gains access to the information by restoration or recreation is highlighted.']}